Association of breastfeeding and stunting in Peruvian toddlers: an example of reverse causality.

BACKGROUND Child feeding recommendations include breastfeeding beyond 12 months, however, some researchers have reported increased rates of malnutrition in breastfed toddlers. A negative association between growth and breast-feeding may reflect reverse causality; that is, the outcome (growth) is a determinant of the predictor (breastfeeding), and not vice… CONTINUE READING