Association of Saliva Fluoride Level and Socioeconomic Factors with Dental Caries in 3-6 Years Old Children in Tehran-Iran

  title={Association of Saliva Fluoride Level and Socioeconomic Factors with Dental Caries in 3-6 Years Old Children in Tehran-Iran},
  author={Massoud Amanlou and Shahin Jafari and Nazila Afzalianmand and Zinat Bahrampour Omrany and Hassan Farsam and Farzaneh Nabati and Kowsar Bagherzadeh},
  journal={Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research : IJPR},
  pages={159 - 166}
Previous studies have indicated that there may be a relationship between the salivary fluoride concentrations and dental caries while the emphasis was on dental caries in permanent teeth. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of dental caries and its predictors in 3-6 year-old children in Tehran, Iran. The other objective of this investigation was to clarify a relationship between salivary fluoride levels of the studied children and their socioeconomic situations. The study… 

Tables from this paper

Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries and the Related Factors among 3-5- Year-Old Children in Babol, Iran
A significant association was found between age, snack consumption, father's education, mother's job, nocturnal drinking milk, tooth-brushing, and a history of dental check up before age 2 with ECC in children aged 3 to 5 years at Babol, Iran.
A high prevalence of early dental caries in Varamin children means particular emphasis should be placed on educational and interventional programs, especially for mothers and kindergarten nurses and trainers.
Relationship of Dental Caries with Fluoride Concentration in Unstimulated whole Saliva of 7 to 15-year-old Nonfluoride Users
Investigation of the relationship between dental caries and fluoride concentration in unstimulated whole saliva of non-fluoride users found inverse and significant with DMFT and DMFS and correlations with Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient were significant.
Effect of social-behavioral factors on dental caries in 3-6-year-old children in Kerman, Iran
Despite the advancements made in social, cultural, economic, and health aspects of treatment over the past few years, there is still a direct relationship between social-behavioral factors and dental caries in preschool children.
Effect of socio-demographic status on dental caries in pupils by using a multilevel hurdle model*
Investigation of the association between dental caries index and socio-demographic status in schoolchildren by using a multilevel hurdle model found that pupils whose fathers and mothers were workers and housewives and those with a high maternal age were at a greater risk for caries experience than others.
Dental caries in primary and permanent teeth in children’s worldwide, 1995 to 2019: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The prevalence of primary and permanent dental caries in children in the world was found to be high and appropriate strategies should be implemented to improve the aforementioned situation and to troubleshoot and monitor at all levels by providing feedback to hospitals.
Diagnostic potential of saliva as a biomarker in early childhood caries: A review
Salivary biomarkers can be a promising tool in early identification and thereby preventing the further progression of caries in children, and utilisation of these biomarkers in clinical practice might help the clinicians in improving the oral health status of the child.
Determinants of dental caries in children in the Middle East and North Africa region: a systematic review based on literature published from 2000 to 2019
Dental caries was found to be high among children in many of the studies published from MENA and the key determinants of dental caries were found to include factors related to child characteristics, family background, oral hygiene and infant feeding and eating habits.
Socio-Economic Statues and Oral Health Behaviours in a Sample of Iranian Students
Assessment of socio-economic statues as well as oral health behaviors among a sample of Iranian students studying in elementary level showed the students who were in lower socio economic levels, doing less dental healthy behaviors.
Measurement of Socioeconomic Status in Iran: A Systematic Review
The finding indicated the three factors – education, occupation, and income – were the dominant indicators for measuring socioeconomic status in both English and Persian articles.


Fluoride concentrations in saliva related to dental caries prevalence in primary teeth
For the primary dentition children with zero caries were shown to have significantly (p<0.001, Chi analysis) higher salivary fluoride levels than caries prone children.
Dental caries and social factors in 12-year-old South African children.
Social class, white or blue collar, family income and room to person ratio were significantly associated with dental caries in the white children but there were no significant associations in the Indian children.
Dental caries experience and its relationship to social and behavioural factors among 3-5-year-old children in Uganda.
The caries experience was highest among children attending nursery schools in Nakawa and those who had had longer periods of cough syrup consumption, whereas children from the two locations were equally exposed to sugar consumption generally.
Caries in Five-year-old Children and Associations with Family-related Factors
The findings indicated that attention should be paid not only to the child's dental health care but also to that of the whole family and parents should be supported in their upbringing efforts and encouraged to improve their children's dentist health habits.
Significant caries index values and related factors in 5-6-year-old children in Istanbul, Turkey.
  • N. Namal, A. A. Yüceokur, G. Can
  • Medicine
    Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
  • 2009
Logistic regression analysis of the SiC index for dmft showed that risk factors for poor dental status were low mother's education and irregular toothbrushing versus once-a-day brushing or twice-a -day brushing.
Caries experience and caries predictors – a study of Tanzanian children consuming drinking water with different fluoride concentrations
Logistic regression analyses indicated that subjects in the high-F and urban Arusha municipality were at a significantly higher risk of dental caries than children in the low-F areas (odds ratio [OR] 2.6) and controlling for ethnicity, children in urban areas were at higher risk for caries (OR 5.4) than children living inLow-F rural Kibosho.
Determinants of caries prevalence and severity in higher SES Indian children.
Results of the crude, stratified, and multivariate regression analyses showed that poor oral hygiene, mother's highest level of education, use of fluoride toothpaste before the age of six years, and higher frequency of tooth brushing were risk indicators of caries prevalence and severity.
[Dental caries experience in children at public and private schools from a city with fluoridated water].
The aim of this study was to verify the relationship between type of school as a measure of socioeconomic conditions and caries prevalence among preschoolers and schoolchildren in Rio Claro, São
Dental Health Status in 3-5 Year Old Kindergarten Children in Tehran-Iran in 2003
More emphasis must be placed on prevention programs and educating public to observe dental hygiene by brushing the teeth regularly, washing the mouth after consuming sweets, and paying their dentists regular visits.
Caries–Preventive Effect of Topical Amine Fluoride in Children with High and Low Salivary Levels of Mutans Streptococci
The effectiveness of a simple and economical topical fluoride intervention applicable at a community level is significantly influenced by the SMS level of the subjects involved, and simple AmF preventive interventions applied on low–SMS subjects, can give significant results in terms of caries reduction.