Evidence suggested that interleukin-10 (IL-10) may be involved in the etiology of gastric cancer (GC). However, epidemiological studies on the association between IL-10-1082 promoter polymorphism and GC risk are still ambiguous. To quantitatively summarize the evidence for such a relationship, we performed a meta-analysis. Systemic searches of the PubMed and Medline databases were performed, with the last report up to July 2011. Crude odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of association. 22 independent studies including 4,289 cases and 5,965 controls were involved in this meta-analysis. Obvious association was found when all studies were pooled into the meta-analysis (A vs. G: OR = 0.489, 95% CI = 0.335–0.713, P < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, we observed significant associations in Asians (A vs. G: OR = 0.651, 95% CI = 0.506–0.838, P = 0.001; AA vs. GG: OR = 0.482, 95% CI = 0.328–0.709, P < 0.001; AA/AG vs. GG: OR = 0.711, 95% CI = 0.527–0.959, P = 0.025; AA vs. AG/GG: OR = 0.701, 95% CI = 0.520–0.944, P = 0.019) and Caucasians (A vs. G: OR = 0.365, 95% CI = 0.140–0.949, P = 0.039), but not in Latino population. When stratified analysis by control sources, our results indicated that A allele decreased approximately 48% risk among population-based studies (A vs. G: OR = 0.524, 95% CI = 0.374–0.733, P < 0.001). Taken together, this meta-analysis suggests that IL-10-1082 polymorphism is associated with GC risk.