Association between socioeconomic status indicators and obesity in adolescent students in Botswana, an African country in rapid nutrition transition

  title={Association between socioeconomic status indicators and obesity in adolescent students in Botswana, an African country in rapid nutrition transition},
  author={Brian H. Wrotniak and Leapetswe Malete and Segametsi Ditshebo Maruapula and Jose Jackson and S. J. Shaibu and Sarah J. Ratcliffe and N Stettler and Charlene Compher},
  journal={Pediatric Obesity},
The purpose of this study was to examine two separate socioeconomic status (SES) indicators of obesity in Botswana, an African country that has experienced rapid economic development and where the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome is high. 

Socio-economic influences on anthropometric status in urban South African adolescents: sex differences in the Birth to Twenty Plus cohort

The study highlights that even within a relatively small urban area the nutrition transition manifests itself differently in men and women and across SEP indicators.

Socio‐economic status and obesity in children in Africa

This study compared the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 8,462 children aged 9–16 in the 4th, 7th and 10th grades from all public and privates schools and added information on therelation between SES and Obesity in LMCIs, as reviewed by Dinsa.

Neighbourhood and household socio-economic influences on diet and anthropometric status in urban South African adolescents

The dietary results suggest that the diet of urban South African adolescents is transitioning to that seen in high income countries, which highlights that even within the same relatively small urban area, nutrition transition does not affect different groups in uniform ways.

Dual Burden of Malnutrition Among Adolescents of Smallholder Coffee Farming Households of Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

It is critical to draw a fine line and trade-off for eliminating morbidity and mortality of undernutrition, without triggering the risk of overweight/obesity, in such a setting as coffee farming households.

Socio-economic status and urbanization are linked to snacks and obesity in adolescents in Botswana

It is suggested that nutritional transition occurs at different rates across urbanization and SES levels in Botswana and in cities, increasing the availability of fruit while reducing access to or portion sizes of snack items is important.

Determinants of Overweight and Obesity Among Adolescent Students in Public Secondary Schools in Kwara State, Nigeria

Adolescents and childhood overweight and obesity have been observed as one of the serious public health challenges of the 21st century by World Health Organization. This study identified the

Obesity and the nutrition transition in Sub‐Saharan Africa

Overall, it is shown that socioeconomic status, gender, age, parity, physical inactivity, and increased energy, fat, and sugar intake are powerful predictors of overweight and/or obesity.

Nutrition transition of adolescents (15-18 years) in the Francistown area Botswana

The investigation focuses on the extent to which traditional and Western-orientated foods figure in the diets of these young people, as there is limited information on the eating patterns and food-related behaviour of mid-adolescents in Botswana.

Adolescent and adult perceptions of adolescent diet, physical activity, body size, and obesity prevention in Botswana

Results indicate that adolescents identify healthy versus unhealthy foods, yet choose unhealthy foods based on taste preferences, social pressures, and the perceived affordability of unhealthy foods.

Evidence of nutrition transition in Southern Africa

The findings reveal growing prevalence of overweight and obesity (OWOB) across SAC, with national prevalence estimated between 30 and 60 % in all but two SAC and the prevalence of OWOB and hypertension in many SAC exceeds that of HIV and is often at par with stunting in children.



A nutrition paradox--underweight and obesity in developing countries.

The combination of underweight in children and overweight in adults, frequently coexisting in the same family, is a relatively new phenomenon in developing countries undergoing the nutrition

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Eti‐Osa LGA, Lagos, Nigeria

Overweight is an evolving problem, while obesity is seemingly not a problem yet in adolescent school‐aged children in Lagos State, Nigeria.

Prevalence and risk factors for overweight and obesity in children from Seychelles, a country in rapid transition: the importance of early growth

If confirmed in other environments, the strong association between weight gain during the first year of life and subsequent obesity in childhood could affect the way optimal infant weight gain is defined in countries where public health priorities are changing.

The prevalence of, and factors associated with, overweight and obesity in Botswana.

  • G. Letamo
  • Medicine
    Journal of biosocial science
  • 2011
The main socio-demographic factors associated with overweight and obesity were being older, living in a city/town, being married and having attained higher levels of education, and these relationships were statistically significant at the 5% level.

Overweight and obesity in learners residing in the Belhar, Delft and Mfuleni communities of Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa

A high prevalence rate of overweight was observed in Coloured and African learners, and the highest rates were observed in African females above the age of 14 years.

Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 2)

This is the second part of a glossary on indicators of socioeconomic position used in health research published in the January issue of the journal Health Affairs.

Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review.

The results of this review reinforce the urgent need to include obesity prevention as a relevant topic on the public health agenda in developing countries and improve the access of all social classes in these countries to reliable information on the determinants and consequences of obesity.

Epidemiological and nutrition transition in developing countries: impact on human health and development

The role of preventable environmental risk factors for obesity and the metabolic syndrome in developing countries is emphasized and also these challenges are related to meeting the millennium development goals.

The determinants of overweight and obesity among 10- to 15-year-old schoolchildren in the North West Province, South Africa – the THUSA BANA (Transition and Health during Urbanisation of South Africans; BANA, children) study

Smaller households, inactivity and increasing age for girls were found to be determinants that influence the development of overweight/obesity, while female gender and age post-menarche were identified as determinants of higher body fat content.