Association between domestic water hardness, chlorine, and atopic dermatitis risk in early life: A population-based cross-sectional study.


BACKGROUND Domestic water hardness and chlorine have been suggested as important risk factors for atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVE We sought to examine the link between domestic water calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and chlorine concentrations, skin barrier dysfunction (increased transepidermal water loss), and AD in infancy. METHODS We recruited 1303 three… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2016.03.031


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