Association between Staphylococcus aureus strains carrying gene for Panton-Valentine leukocidin and highly lethal necrotising pneumonia in young immunocompetent patients

@article{Gillet2002AssociationBS,
  title={Association between Staphylococcus aureus strains carrying gene for Panton-Valentine leukocidin and highly lethal necrotising pneumonia in young immunocompetent patients},
  author={Yves Gillet and Bertrand Issartel and Philippe Vanhems and J C Fournet and G{\'e}rard Lina and Mich{\`e}le Bes and François Vandenesch and Yves Piémont and Nicole Brousse and Daniel Floret and Jérôme Etienne},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2002},
  volume={359},
  pages={753-759}
}

The association between Staphylococcus aureus strains carrying panton-valentine leukocidin genes and the development of deep-seated follicular infection.

  • O. YamasakiJ. Kaneko K. Iwatsuki
  • Medicine, Biology
    Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 2005
TLDR
PVL gene-positive S. aureus strains are involved in the development of multiple furuncles with more-intense erythema, particularly in healthy young adults, while PVL gene-negative strains were isolated from patients with various systemic complications, including diabetes, leukemia, and autoimmune diseases.

Presence of Genes Encoding Panton-Valentine Leukocidin Is Not the Primary Determinant of Outcome in Patients with Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia Due to Staphylococcus aureus

TLDR
This study suggests that neither pvl presence nor in vitro level of alpha-hemolysin production is the primary determinant of outcome among patients with HAP caused by S. aureus.

Panton-Valentine leukocidin associated staphylococcal disease: a cross-sectional study at a London hospital, England.

TLDR
The proportion of staphylococcal infections that are caused by strains containing the PVL genes is estimated, and risk factors for these infections are described, to give consideration to current infection control strategy.

Necrotizing pneumonia due to clonally diverse Staphylococcus aureus strains producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin: the Czech experience

TLDR
The high case-fatality rate can only be reduced by improving the speed of diagnosis and a rapid test to detect S. aureus in the airways is needed.

Epidemiological and clinical features of Panton-Valentine Leukocidin positive Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: A case-control study

TLDR
The presence of the PVL toxin does not appear to otherwise influence the natural history of bacteremic S. aureus disease other than in prolonging the duration of fever.

Staphylococcus aureus Isolates Carrying Panton-Valentine Leucocidin Genes in England and Wales: Frequency, Characterization, and Association with Clinical Disease

TLDR
The PVL genes were also detected in isolates responsible for community-acquired pneumonia, burn infections, bacteremia, and scalded skin syndrome, and the remaining PVL-positive isolates were mostly methicillin-sensitive S. aureus with clinical disease.

Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus carrying Panton-Valentine leukocidin genes among isolates from hospitalised patients in China.

  • F. YuZ. Chen X. Chen
  • Medicine, Biology
    Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
  • 2008
TLDR
There was a high prevalence of PVL genes in genetically diverse S. aureus isolates in Wenzhou, China, and the PVL-positive isolates were associated with lung infection, bloodstream infection and soft-tissue pyogenic infection.
...

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    Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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TLDR
The cosecretion of these five proteins led to six possible synergistic combinations between F and S components, two of which had dermonecrotic activity on rabbit skin, and all six were leukocytolytic on glass-adsorbed leukocytes.

Breast Milk Transmission of a Panton-Valentine Leukocidin-Producing Staphylococcus aureus Strain Causing Infantile Pneumonia

TLDR
A 38-day-old infant who developed pleuropneumonia due to a Staphylococcus aureus strain responsible for familial furunculosis, which was acquired by maternal breast-feeding, is reported on.

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