Association Between Insecure Attachment and ADHD

@article{Storeb2016AssociationBI,
  title={Association Between Insecure Attachment and ADHD},
  author={Ole Jakob Storeb{\o} and Pernille Darling Rasmussen and Erik Simonsen},
  journal={Journal of Attention Disorders},
  year={2016},
  volume={20},
  pages={187 - 196}
}
Objective: Psychological theories have postulated an association between insecure attachment and ADHD. The objective of this study is to investigate possible association between insecure attachment and ADHD in children and adults. Method: Review of literature was performed using the PsycINFO, Medline, and EMBASE databases. Results: Twenty-nine studies were included in the review. Overall, the studies showed that parental attachment problems and environmental mediating factors were significantly… 

Child attachment and ADHD: a systematic review

An increasing number of studies show a link between the type of attachment and the presence of attentional difficulties and hyperactivity in children, however, the nature of this link remains unclear.

Remarkable high frequency of insecure attachment in children with ADHD persists in a three-year follow-up

The findings suggest that targeting ADHD-symptoms with current treatment strategies does not in itself improve attachment security, and attachment security may in turn be a factor of importance when evaluating general functioning and prognosis.

Self-reported attachment styles in children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

This is the first study that assesses explicit expectations about avoidant and anxious attachment and trust to both mother and father with well-validated selfreport questionnaires in children (8–12 years) with ADHD, as compared to typically developing (TD) children.

Adults with ADHD – A retrospective account of the family systems and attachment relationships

Objective: this multiple-case study explores the self-protective attachment strategies of adults with Adhd and the history of the dangers in their family of origin. Method: nine respondents were

Attachment Representations in Mothers and Their Children Diagnosed with ADHD: Distribution, Transmission and Impact on Treatment Outcome

The findings support previous research in suggesting that the relationship between ADHD and Insecure attachment is complex and the importance of considering attachment as a factor in the treatment, functional impairment and long term prognosis of children with ADHD remains.

Romantic relationships in adults with ADHD: The effect of partner attachment style on relationship quality

Prior literature indicates that insecure attachment styles (i.e., anxious or avoidant) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) both have negative impacts on romantic relationships, but

Intertwined associations among attachment styles, emotional dysregulation, and ADHD: examining unique associations with general risk-taking behavior

It is found that only ADHD symptoms were associated with RTB over and above all other variables and the link between the two seems to be inherent to the disorder and independent of its co-occurrence with attachment insecurity and emotional dysregulation.

Is ADHD a way of conceptualizing long-term emotional stress and social disadvantage?

Background The prevalent, neuropsychiatric, deficit perspective on children and youth diagnosed with ADHD prohibits a multidimensional approach where socio-economic status, family stress and

Attachment Anxiety Moderates the Association Between ADHD and Psychological Distress

It is found that secure attachment could serve as a “protective factor” against psychological distress among ADHD individuals, and among anxiously attached adults, ADHD was associated with higher levels psychological distress.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES

The relationship of adult ADHD and attachment style

Objective: It is a reated finding in literature that insecure attachment with caregiver is associated with the devel-opment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. However,

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is Associated with Attachment Insecurity

The literature on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and attachment is reviewed, and we describe an investigation of the relationship between attachment insecurity and ADHD. Nineteen

Attachment Representation in Mothers of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The prevalence of maternal insecure and unresolved attachment representations increases with the degree of severity of children’s ADHD symptoms, and this result is interpreted with respect to the treatment of children with ADHD as a vote for considering the family context as well as early intervention strategies which aim at the improvement of the quality of maternal sensitivity.

An exploration of family dynamics and attachment strategies in a family with ADHD/conduct problems

The study emphasizes the need to consider the relationship between attachment patterns and problems within wider systemic process in the family, in particular triangulation and corrective scripts.

ADHD-like symptoms and attachment in internationally adopted children

Investigation of the existence of ADHD-like symptoms and/or diagnosis in a sample of internationally adopted children depending on their country of origin indicated that children adopted from Eastern Europe showed a trend toward more hyperactivity and significantly more attention problems than girls adopted from China.

Disorganized attachment representation and atypical parenting in young school age children with externalizing disorder

Disorganized attachment shows a high prevalence and independent associations with attention deficit symptomatology and maternal EE, and atypical parental expressed emotion and maternal mood was associated with very high maternal EE.

Associations between mothers' and children's secure base scripts in ADHD and community cohorts

It is revealed that while the link between mothers' and children's scriptedness was significant in the community, no significant association was found in the ADHD sample, and maternal reports of children's symptoms were negatively linked to children's secure-base scriptedness.
...