Associated Factors of Self-injury Among Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Community and Residential Treatment Setting

  title={Associated Factors of Self-injury Among Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Community and Residential Treatment Setting},
  author={Jacqueline Flowers and Johanna F. Lantz and Theresa Hamlin and Rune J. Simeonsson},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) occurs in up to 50% of individuals with autism. As one of the most serious conditions in individuals with developmental disabilities, SIB affects the individual and his or her family in multiple contexts. A systematic analysis of factors most commonly associated with SIB could inform the development of individualized intervention strategies. The current study examined factors related to SIB in an analysis of client records of 145 children with autism in a… 

Preliminary Development and Testing of the Risk Assessment Checklist for Self-Injury in Autism-Medical (RACSA-M).

The creation and preliminary validation of a standardized assessment checklist: Risk Assessment Checklist for Self-Injury in Autism-Medical (RASCA-M) for the physical, behavioral, and diagnostic evaluation of non-verbal children with autism and SIB living in a residential setting was created and preliminary content validity, criterion-related validity, and interobserver agreement were established.

Self-injurious behaviors in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability

Self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a challenging behavior in autism, and some issues about this theme is still unclear, mainly in children and adolescents without intellectual disability. According to

Al-Quran-Based Script Fading to Reduce Aggression Behaviour of Autistic Child

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) or autism is a serious problem in the field of pediatric psychiatry since it includes 0.3% of the global disease burden. Autism has characteristics that lead to a

A Rhesus Monkey Model of Non-suicidal Self-Injury

This review presents the features of an important, extensively studied animal model of NSSI, namely spontaneously occurring self-injurious behavior (SIB) in rhesus macaque monkeys, and demonstrates the validity of this animal model across several domains.

The Family Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey: Comparisons with Obesity and Physical Activity in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Family-level measures of nutrition and physical activity may help explain factors contributing to disproportionate rates of weight gain and implications for a multifaceted family-based approach to obesity prevention are discussed.

Effects of Irritability of the Youth on Subjective Well-Being: Mediating Effect of Coping Styles

Significant correlations exist among irritability, coping style, and SWB of the youth and irritability can be used to predict SWB indirectly through positive response and positive response.



Factors Associated with Self-Injurious Behaviors in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Findings from Two Large National Samples

Similar associations were found; SIB were associated with developmental, behavioral, and somatic factors; Implications of these findings are discussed in relation to possible etiology, future longitudinal studies, and clinical practice.

Risk Factors Associated with Self-Injurious Behaviors in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Abnormal sensory processing was the strongest single predictor of self-injury followed by sameness, impaired cognitive ability and social functioning, and treatment approaches that focus on these factors may be beneficial in reducing self-harm in children with ASD.

Brief Report: Further Examination of Self-Injurious Behaviors in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders

It is suggested that psychological, cognitive, and behavioral factors alone do not adequately explain common measures of SIB and highlight the need for further research.

The association between self-injurious behaviors and autism spectrum disorders

The research on the epidemiology of S IB in children with ASD is reviewed, factors that predict the presence of SIB in this population, and the empirically supported behavioral treatments available are reviewed.

Risk factors for self-injurious behaviours among 222 young children with autistic disorders.

Lower chronological age, associated perinatal condition, a higher degree of autism and a higher daily living skills delay were risk factors of SIBs but parental class, sex and epilepsy were not.

Self‐injurious behaviours in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Identifying this set of characteristics in early development may lead to faster identification and better intervention services, but future work utilising longitudinal design and multivariate analysis is warranted.

Self-injurious behaviour in individuals with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability.

Person characteristics associated withSelf-injury in ASD indicate a role for impaired behavioural inhibition, low levels of ability and negative affect in the development of self-injurious behaviour.

Psychiatric Hospitalization Among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • D. Mandell
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2008
The results suggest early diagnosis and community-based interventions for aggressive and self-injurious behaviors may reduce hospitalizations among children with autism spectrum disorders.

Age-Related Differences in Restricted Repetitive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorders

It is suggested that repetitive behaviors are a heterogeneous group of behaviors, with the subtypes of RRBs having their own individual patterns across the lifespan, and in some cases, a differential association with age depending on intellectual functioning.

Self injurious behavior in autism: clinical aspects and treatment with risperidone

  • R. Canitano
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of Neural Transmission
  • 2005
Investigation of the phenomenology of SIB in a group of children with autistic disorder and test whether treatment with risperidone might reduce it found head-hitting and hand biting were the most frequent forms of self aggression observed.