Assessment of vitamin A deficiency in a rural area in Mali. Estimation of sample size for the impression cytology test.

Abstract

The prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among two to ten years old children in a rural area of Mali was assessed by ophthalmic examination, determination of plasma retinol levels and impression cytology with transfer tests. A Public Health problem of vitamin A deficiency was identified in this rural area by: the prevalence of nightblindness significantly (p < 0.001) above the cut-off (1%) defined by the World Health Organization (WHO); the prevalence of corneal scarring significantly (p < 0.001) above the WHO's cut-off (0.05%); the percentage of subjects with plasma retinol levels below 0.35 mumol/l (10 micrograms/dl) significantly (p < 0.001) higher than the WHO's threshold (5%); and 52.8 +/- 8.2% children with "Abnormal" impression cytology as determined by the impression cytology test (IC). This preliminary survey confirmed widespread vitamin A deficiency in Mali. The minimum sample size required for a study using the impression cytology test to determinate a Public Health problem in a population was calculated for different situations. Ophthalmic examination indicated a very high rate of active trachoma (29.6 +/- 7.0%), and a relationship between active trachoma and impression cytology results was identified.

Cite this paper

@article{Bonnet1992AssessmentOV, title={Assessment of vitamin A deficiency in a rural area in Mali. Estimation of sample size for the impression cytology test.}, author={Sylviane Bonnet and Serge Resnikoff and R{\'e}mi Castan and Seydou Konate and Brigitte P{\'e}riquet and Jo{\"{e}l Coste and Olivier Amedee-Manesme}, journal={International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition}, year={1992}, volume={62 4}, pages={291-7} }