Assessment of the urinary system.

  • Thomas J. Divers
  • Published 1992 in
    The Veterinary clinics of North America. Food…


History and physical examination alone will most often provide conclusive evidence of urinary tract disorders in ruminants. Detailed examination of the urinary system is described, and examples of disease are presented. Ancillary testing may be indicated to confirm the diagnosis, direct treatment, or clarify the prognosis. Serum chemistry interpretation… (More)


Cite this paper

@article{Divers1992AssessmentOT, title={Assessment of the urinary system.}, author={Thomas J. Divers}, journal={The Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice}, year={1992}, volume={8 2}, pages={373-82} }