In this study we investigated how T-cell-dependent stimuli, via interleukin-4 (IL-4) or CD40 ligation, influence homotypic B-cell adhesion when compared with induction by the T-cell-independent stimulus lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Using primary murine B cells, we found that T-cell-dependent stimulation led to increased aggregation as compared to that induced by LPS. The adhesion was to a large extent dependent on the adhesion molecule, lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1). We found that activation of B cells with the mitogenic stimuli induced an increased avidity of LFA-1 for its ligand, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). The increase was stable and different from that induced by phorbol esters. Although adhesion was reduced using B cells from LFA-1(-/-) mice, aggregation occurred in response to T-cell-dependent stimuli. Our data suggest that adhesion of B lymphocytes is regulated in different modes. One is induced by antigen and leads to a transient conformational change of the LFA-1 molecule. Another is induced by mitogenic stimuli and leads to stable avidity increase of LFA-1, possibly via activation of cytoskeletal anchorage. A third is LFA-1 independent, of low avidity and is induced by T-cell-dependent stimuli.