Assessment of the influence of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation on surgical planning for tumors in or near the motor cortex.

@article{Picht2012AssessmentOT,
  title={Assessment of the influence of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation on surgical planning for tumors in or near the motor cortex.},
  author={Thomas Picht and Juliane Schulz and Michael Hanna and Sein Schmidt and Olaf Suess and Peter Vajkoczy},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={2012},
  volume={70 5},
  pages={
          1248-56; discussion 1256-7
        }
}
BACKGROUND Brain tumor surgery near the motor cortex requires careful planning to achieve the optimal balance between completeness of tumor resection and preservation of motor function. Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) can be used to map functionally essential motor areas preoperatively. OBJECTIVE To evaluate how much influence, benefit, and impact nTMS has on the surgical planning for tumors near the motor cortex. METHODS This study reviewed the records of 73 patients… 

Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation improves the treatment outcome in patients with brain tumors in motor eloquent locations.

BACKGROUND Neurological and oncological outcomes of motor eloquent brain-tumor patients depend upon the ability to localize functional areas and the respective proposed therapy. We set out to

The preoperative use of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation facilitates early resection of suspected low-grade gliomas in the motor cortex

nTMS provides accurate motor mapping results also in infiltrative gliomas and enables more frequent and more extensive surgical resection of non-enhancing glioma in or near the primary motor cortex.

Preoperative Applications of Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

This review aims to provide a comprehensive review of the role of nTMS in the neurosurgical management of a patient with a brain tumor and analyzes the evidence in support of the most common clinical applications.

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The nTMS technique spatially correlates well with the gold standard of DES and its functional information benefits surgical decision making and changes the treatment strategy in one-fourth of cases.

Preoperative motor mapping by navigated transcranial magnetic brain stimulation improves outcome for motor eloquent lesions.

Comparing patients with motor eloquently located supratentorial lesions investigated with or without preoperative nTMS in terms of clinical outcome parameters increases the level of evidence for preoperative motor mapping by nT MS for rolandic lesions in a group comparison study.

Risk stratification in motor area-related glioma surgery based on navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation data.

The proposed risk stratification model, based on objective functional-anatomical and neurophysiological measures, enables one to counsel patients about the risk of functional deterioration or the potential for recovery in glioma surgery.

Comparison of Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Direct Electrical Stimulation for Mapping the Motor Cortex Prior to Brain Tumor Resection

This chapter presents an overview of the possibilities and limitations of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and direct electrical stimulation (DES) for mapping of the cortical motor topography in the neurosurgical setting.
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Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation