Assessment of the effects of the Japanese shift to lead-free solders and its impact on material substitution and environmental emissions by a dynamic material flow analysis.

@article{Fuse2012AssessmentOT,
  title={Assessment of the effects of the Japanese shift to lead-free solders and its impact on material substitution and environmental emissions by a dynamic material flow analysis.},
  author={Masaaki Fuse and Kiyotaka Tsunemi},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},
  year={2012},
  volume={438},
  pages={49-58}
}
Lead-free electronics has been extensively studied, whereas their adoption by society and their impact on material substitution and environmental emissions are not well understood. Through a material flow analysis (MFA), this paper explores the life cycle flows for solder-containing metals in Japan, which leads the world in the shift to lead-free solders in… CONTINUE READING