Assessment of suicidal intention: the Scale for Suicide Ideation.

@article{Beck1979AssessmentOS,
  title={Assessment of suicidal intention: the Scale for Suicide Ideation.},
  author={Aaron T. Beck and Maria J{\'u}lia Kov{\'a}cs and Arlene Weissman},
  journal={Journal of consulting and clinical psychology},
  year={1979},
  volume={47 2},
  pages={
          343-52
        }
}
This article describes the rationale, development, and validation of the Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI), a 19-item clinical research instrument designed to quantify and assess suicidal intention. The scale was found to have high internal consistency and moderately high correlations with clinical ratings of suicidal risk and self-administered measures of self-harm. Furthermore, it was sensitive to changes in levels of depression and hopelessness over time. Its construct validity was supported… 

Tables from this paper

The suicidal ideation attributes scale (SIDAS): Community-based validation study of a new scale for the measurement of suicidal ideation.
TLDR
Frequency and controllability of thoughts were more strongly associated with suicide plans and attempts than other attributes assessed, and the SIDAS appears to be a valid web-based measure for severity of suicidal ideation.
Psychometric characteristics of the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire in college students.
  • W. Reynolds
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1991
TLDR
This investigation examined the reliability and validity of the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (ASIQ), a 25-item self-report suicidal ideation measure designed for adults, and factor analysis of the ASIQ produced a four-factor solution.
Psychometric Properties of the Suicidal History Self-Rating Screening Scale
TLDR
The ROC curves indicated that the SHSS performed well in classifying cases based on their current suicide status (suicide attempt in the last 24–48 hours), indicating that theSHSS is a valid and reliable instrument for assessing suicide risk.
The Modified Scale for Suicidal Ideation: factors of suicidality and their relation to clinical and diagnostic variables.
TLDR
The Suicidal Desire and Ideation factor was more highly related to depressotypic indicators than was the other factor, suggesting that level of depression, although predictive of ideation, may not be as strong a correlate of preparation.
Passive Suicidal Ideation
Passive suicidal ideation is an important indicator of suicide risk because it is associated with significantly high levels of depression and suicidality, comparable to individuals experiencing
Factors related to Suicidal Ideation in People with Schizophrenia and Suicide Attempts
TLDR
The results indicate that development and application of intervention programs, which can help to increase self-esteem levels and decrease depression levels among patients schizophrenia that have experienced suicidal attempts is a first priority.
The measurement of suicidal ideation.
TLDR
There was a significant correlation between scores of that subscale of the GHQ-28 and the self-report component as well as the overall score of the suicidal intent scale, thereby confirming its validity in providing a standardized method for comparing suicidal ideation in different populations.
Suicidal Ideation in Bipolar Disorder: The Relation with Clinical and Sociodemographic Variables
TLDR
More severe depression and mania symptoms, higher level of insight and a history of suicide attempt indicate the occurrence of suicidal ideation in BD.
Suidical ideation in severe depression
TLDR
Suicidal ideation and communication were investigated for 89 suicide victims with a primary severe depression and matched controls and found suicidal ideation “beyond one's own will” was related to suicide in the male group.
Validity and reactivity of a system of self-monitoring suicide ideation
The present study describes the rationale and validation of a self-monitoring approach for suicide ideation. A sample of 49 severely ideating 18- to 24-year-old college students volunteering for a
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
Hopelessness and suicidal behavior. An overview.
TLDR
The results of an investigation of 384 suicide attempters support previous reports that hopelessness is the key variable linking depression to suicidal behavior and has direct implications for the therapy of suicidal individuals.
Hopelessness, depression, and suicide intent.
  • R. Wetzel
  • Psychology
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1976
TLDR
The data were regarded as supporting the hypothesis that hopelessness is more closely related to suicide intent than is depression.
Cross-Validation of the Suicidal Intent Scale
This study investigated the validity and reliability of the Suicidal Intent Scale as a measure of the seriousness of a suicide attempt. 194 completed suicides had higher scores on the scale than 231
Classification of suicidal behaviors. II. Dimensions of suicidal intent.
A factor analysis of a scale to assess suicidal intent showed four major dimensions: expectancies and attitudes, premeditation, precautions against intervention, and oral communication. Certain types
The wish to die and the wish to live in attempted suicides.
TLDR
It appeared that the actual magnitudes of death and life wishes were not as crucial to suicidal intent as the degree of congruence between them, but two-way analysis of variance yielded only a significant Wish to Die main effect.
Classification of suicidal behaviors: I. Quantifying intent and medical lethality.
TLDR
It is concluded that suicidal intent and medical lethality are useful dimensions in classifying suicidal behavior.
Components of suicidal intent in completed and attempted suicides.
An objective suicidal intent scale was completed for 235 completed suicides and 246 attempted suicides in Philadelphia. The responses to the items of the suicidal intent scale were factor analyzed
Semantic differential ratings of concepts and suicide intent.
  • R. Wetzel
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical psychology
  • 1976
TLDR
It was suggested that suicidal Ss do not show a general difference in cognitive style from other psychiatric patients and the changes in ratings indicate that the ratings are a function of a state, rather than a stable trait.
Frequency of suicidal thought and self-destructive behavior among females.
  • P. Cantor
  • Psychology
    Suicide & life-threatening behavior
  • 1976
TLDR
The results of the study have provided support for the necessity of a distinction between groups within a nonsuicidal comparison population and for the suggestion that there may be a quantitative relationship between the frequency of suicidal thought and the likelihood of attempted suicide.
...
...