Assessment of stress during handling and transport.

  title={Assessment of stress during handling and transport.},
  author={Temple Grandin},
  journal={Journal of animal science},
  volume={75 1},
  • T. Grandin
  • Published 1997
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Journal of animal science
Fear is a very strong stressor, and the highly variable results of handling and transportation studies are likely to be due to different levels of psychological stress. Psychological stress is fear stress. Some examples are restraint, contact with people, or exposure to novelty. In many different animals, stimulation of the amygdala with an implanted electrode triggers a complex pattern of behavior and autonomic responses that resemble fear in humans. Both previous experience and genetic… 

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