Assessment of risk of insect-resistant transgenic crops to nontarget arthropods

@article{Romeis2008AssessmentOR,
  title={Assessment of risk of insect-resistant transgenic crops to nontarget arthropods},
  author={J{\"o}rg Romeis and Detlef Bartsch and Franz Bigler and Marco P Candolfi and Marco M. C. Gielkens and Susan E. Hartley and Richard L Hellmich and Joseph E. Huesing and Paul Jepson and Raymond J. Layton and Hector Quemada and Alan Raybould and Robyn I. Rose and Joachim Schiemann and Mark K. Sears and Anthony M Shelton and Jeremy Sweet and Zigfridas Vaituzis and Jeffrey D Wolt},
  journal={Nature Biotechnology},
  year={2008},
  volume={26},
  pages={203-208}
}
An international initiative is developing a scientifically rigorous approach to evaluate the potential risks to nontarget arthropods (NTAs) posed by insect-resistant, genetically modified (IRGM) crops. It adapts the tiered approach to risk assessment that is used internationally within regulatory toxicology and environmental sciences. The approach focuses on the formulation and testing of clearly stated risk hypotheses, making maximum use of available data and using formal decision guidelines… 
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