Assessment of recurrent abdominal symptoms after Ladd procedure: clinical and radiographic correlation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Obstructive symptoms in a patient post-Ladd procedure raise the question of recurrent volvulus. Our objective is to determine the incidence and the radiographical evaluation of recurrent volvulus and abdominal complications after a Ladd procedure. METHODS One hundred ninety-five patients who underwent a Ladd procedure for malrotation for 10 years were retrieved from a database. Forty-eight patients were excluded (false-positive studies, heterotaxy, diaphragmatic hernia, abdominal wall defects). Of the remaining 147, 38 patients presented with abdominal symptoms. Surgical records and imaging were reviewed. RESULTS Of 38 patients, 33 had imaging studies including abdominal radiographs (AXR) and/or upper gastrointestinal examinations. Of these 33 patients, 17 had normal or expected imaging findings on AXR and/or upper gastrointestinal. Of the 11 patients who had surgery, 8 had an AXR. Of these, only a single patient had a normal AXR. The most common post-Ladd complication found at reoperation was small bowel obstruction secondary to adhesions (5.4%). One patient (0.7%) had midgut volvulus. CONCLUSION Although recurrent volvulus is a feared postoperative Ladd complication, it rarely occurs. Adhesive small bowel obstruction is more common, and an AXR with clinical findings is sufficient for diagnosis.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2011.03.018
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@article{Biko2011AssessmentOR, title={Assessment of recurrent abdominal symptoms after Ladd procedure: clinical and radiographic correlation.}, author={David Matthew Biko and Sudha A. Anupindi and Stephanie Beale Hanhan and Thane A. Blinman and Richard I. Markowitz}, journal={Journal of pediatric surgery}, year={2011}, volume={46 9}, pages={1720-5} }