Assessment of prison escape risk

  title={Assessment of prison escape risk},
  author={Caitlin Shaffer and David Bluoin and C. Gary Pettigrew},
  journal={Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology},
The literature concerning assessment of escape probability in prison inmates appears to be somewhat contradictory: A variety of potential predicator variables have been studied with mixed results. Only four state correctional systems report using a formal risk assessment predictive procedure or instrument (Hinshaw, 1978). Traditional correctional criteria (e.g., length of sentence, violent crimes, sex crimes, etc.) have been found to be of limited, utility at best (Lane & Rans, 1982… 

Dangerousness: Risk Assessment for Violent Behavior.

Federal court decisions and state and federal legislation have made the legal concept of dangerousness the predominant criterion in involuntary mental health hospital commitments and in determining

Frequency and Characteristics of Prison Escapes in the United States: An Analysis of National Data

This article presents findings of a study on prison escapes in the United States from 1988 through 1998, including escape frequencies, captures, characteristics of escapees, methods employed in

Escapes From Correctional Custody

Despite a shared interest in escapes from correctional custody by policy makers, facility administrators, media, and the public, there is a dearth of empirical research on this event. Our study

Newsworthiness of Prison Escapes: Content Analysis of Factors Influencing Print Media Coverage, 2006-2010

This article extends the study of newsworthiness to prison escapes by developing and testing a theoretical framework of the factors that affect coverage of prison escapes in print news media. This

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This book examines the control of problem behaviour in prison from a situational crimeprevention perspective.



Longitudinal post-validation of the MMPI Escape (EC) and Prison Adjustment (AP) scales.

Examination of the escape and infraction records of these inmates in relationship to their Ec and Ap scale scores demonstrated that the two scales were still effective classification instruments in predicting escape from within prison units that provided inner and perimeter security and in predicting the committing of major rule infractions irrespective of the degree of custodial control.

Personality, Intellectual, and Behavioral Differences between Black, Chicano, and White Prison Inmates in the Utah State Prison

Religious differences were prominent as were differences in scores on standard intelligence tests, and Chicanos tended to be more assaultive and Blacks posed less escape risk, and fewer blacks used alcohol.

Mmpi and Demographic Correlates and Predictors of Female Prison Escape

MMPI scores and demographic factors were examined for differences between female adult felons who had escaped from incarceration and those who had not escaped and an MMPI predictor model maximally accounted for 19% of the escape variance and was stable on cross-validation.

Relationship of scores on the Escapism Scale of the MMPI to escape from minimum security federal custody.

  • R. B. White
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical psychology
  • 1979
Investigated the ability of the Escapism (Ec) scale of the MMPI to differentiate between escape and non-escape minimum security federal prisoners and it appears that the Ec scale alone or in combination with other data will be a poor predictor of escape.

II: Initial Development of the System

Authors’ Note: This research was supported in part by USPHS Grant No. 18468 (NIMH: Center for Studies of Crime and Delinquency) to E. I. Megargee and in part by the Federal Bureau of Prisons. All

The applicability of the Beall-Panton MMPI escape index to female felons.

  • N. Scott
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical psychology
  • 1980
Tested the discrimination capacity of the MMPI Beall-Panton escape (EC) index by applying it to a sample of 168 minimum security incarcerated female felons and found that female escapees were significantly younger and more often imprisoned as a juvenile than non-escapees.

The Prediction of Dangerous Behavior

Error is inevitable whenever psychologists attempt to predict future behavior. This paper examines the steps involved and the factors to be considered in the prediction of behavior in general and

III: Revision and Refinement of the Classificatory Rules

The third of four studies on the derivation of an MMPI-based criminal classification system, this paper reports how the classificatory rules were refined and revised and how a computer program was

I: the Need for a New Classification System

Since it is generally agreed that no single etiology, explanation, or treatment will be found that is universally applicable to all forms of criminal behavior, behavioral scientists are instead

V: Directions for Further Research

Research currently in progress with an MMPI-based taxonomy of youthful offenders is described and directions future research should take are indicated. Further research delineating the types,