Assessment of potential toxicity of a smokeless tobacco product (naswar) available on the Pakistani market.

Abstract

BACKGROUND 'Naswar' is a smokeless tobacco product (STP) widely used in Pakistan. It has been correlated with oral and oesophageal cancer in recent clinical studies. The toxic effects associated with STPs have been associated with trace level contaminants present in these products. The toxin levels of Pakistani naswar are reported for the first time in this… (More)
DOI: 10.1136/tc.2010.042630

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Cite this paper

@article{Zakiullah2012AssessmentOP, title={Assessment of potential toxicity of a smokeless tobacco product (naswar) available on the Pakistani market.}, author={Zakiullah and Muhammad Saeed and Naveed Muhammad and Saeed Ahmad Khan and Farah Gul and Fazli Khuda and Muhammad Humayun and Hamayun Ahmed Khan}, journal={Tobacco control}, year={2012}, volume={21 4}, pages={396-401} }