Assessment of myocardial systolic function by TEE.


Echocardiography was introduced to the operating suite in the 1970s, with epicardial echocardiography as its initial application. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) during surgery was first described in 1980 but did not become commonplace until the mid1980s. Since then, TEE has evolved to become one of the most widely used and versatile modalities for… (More)
DOI: 10.1097/AIA.0b013e31811f45e7


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