Assessment of human adenovirus removal in a full-scale membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater.

@article{Kuo2010AssessmentOH,
  title={Assessment of human adenovirus removal in a full-scale membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater.},
  author={David H-W Kuo and Fredrick James Simmons and Scott C Blair and Elizabeth Hart and J. Bruce Ralphin Rose and Irene Xagoraraki},
  journal={Water research},
  year={2010},
  volume={44 5},
  pages={1520-30}
}
Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) in wastewater samples taken from four different treatment stages of a full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plant (i.e., incoming raw sewage, primary sedimentation effluent, membrane bioreactor (MBR) influent, and MBR effluent) were quantified by real-time PCR assays to further estimate removal efficiency of the HAdVs. Based on hexon gene sequence comparisons, HAdV species A, C, and F were consistently found in the wastewater samples. In general, all three… CONTINUE READING