Assessment of heavy metal toxicants in the roadside soil along the N-5, National Highway, Pakistan.

@article{Khan2011AssessmentOH,
  title={Assessment of heavy metal toxicants in the roadside soil along the N-5, National Highway, Pakistan.},
  author={M. Nasiruddin Khan and Agha Arslan Wasim and Anila Sarwar and Mazen F. Rasheed},
  journal={Environmental monitoring and assessment},
  year={2011},
  volume={182 1-4},
  pages={587-95}
}
The assessment of the toxicants in roadside soil on regular basis has become extremely essential with the increase in awareness for the metal toxicity in the environment. The present study investigates the presence of toxic metals along National Highway (N-5), Pakistan. Averages of about 1.3 million per month of automobile vehicles ply on this route. Lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), manganese (Mn), mercury (Hg), and iron (Fe) were analyzed by atomic… CONTINUE READING
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CadmiumNo subtypeCobalt
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CobaltNo subtypeCadmium
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CadmiumNo subtypeCopper
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CopperNo subtypeCadmium
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CadmiumNo subtypeMercury
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
MercuryNo subtypeCadmium
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CadmiumNo subtypenickel
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
nickelNo subtypeCadmium
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CadmiumNo subtypeIron
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
IronNo subtypeCadmium
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CobaltNo subtypeCopper
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CopperNo subtypeCobalt
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CobaltNo subtypeMercury
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
MercuryNo subtypeCobalt
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CobaltNo subtypenickel
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
nickelNo subtypeCobalt
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CobaltNo subtypeIron
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
IronNo subtypeCobalt
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CopperNo subtypeMercury
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
MercuryNo subtypeCopper
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CopperNo subtypenickel
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
nickelNo subtypeCopper
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
CopperNo subtypeIron
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
IronNo subtypeCopper
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
MercuryNo subtypenickel
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
nickelNo subtypeMercury
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
MercuryNo subtypeIron
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Strong Pearson correlations ( α = 0.05 ) were found between Pb and Zn ( r(2 ) = 0.887 ) , Fe and Mn ( r(2 ) = 0.880 ) , Hg and Cd ( 0.864 ) , Cu and Zn ( 0.838 ) , and Cu and Pb ( 0.814 ) .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
IronNo subtypeMercury
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Strong Pearson correlations ( α = 0.05 ) were found between Pb and Zn ( r(2 ) = 0.887 ) , Fe and Mn ( r(2 ) = 0.880 ) , Hg and Cd ( 0.864 ) , Cu and Zn ( 0.838 ) , and Cu and Pb ( 0.814 ) .
nickelNo subtypeIron
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
IronNo subtypenickel
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
Lead ( Pb ) , zinc ( Zn ) , copper ( Cu ) , nickel ( Ni ) , cadmium ( Cd ) , cobalt ( Co ) , manganese ( Mn ) , mercury ( Hg ) , and iron ( Fe ) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in roadside soil at the nine selected locations along the highway .
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