Assessment of field-grown cellulase-expressing corn

Abstract

Transgenic plants in the US and abroad generated using genetic engineering technology are regulated with respect to release into the environment and inclusion into diets of humans and animals. For crops incorporating pharmaceuticals or industrial enzymes regulations are even more stringent. Notifications are not allowed for movement and release, therefore a permit is required. However, growing under permit is cumbersome and more expensive than open, non- regulated growth. Thus, when the genetically engineered pharmaceutical or industrial crop is ready for scale-up, achieving non-regulated status is critical. Regulatory compliance in the US comprises petitioning the appropriate agencies for permission for environmental release and feeding trials. For release without yearly permits, a petition for allowing non-regulated status can be filed with the United States Department of Agriculture with consultations that include the Food and Drug Administration and possibly the Environmental Protection Agency, the latter if the plant includes an incorporated pesticide. The data package should ensure that the plants are substantially equivalent in every parameter except for the engineered trait. We undertook a preliminary study on transgenic maize field-grown hybrids that express one of two cellulase genes, an exo-cellulase or an endo-cellulase. We performed field observations of whole plants and numerous in vitro analyses of grain. Although some minor differences were observed when comparing genetically engineered hybrid plants to control wild type hybrids, no significant differences were seen.

DOI: 10.1007/s11248-014-9838-4

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Cite this paper

@article{Garda2014AssessmentOF, title={Assessment of field-grown cellulase-expressing corn}, author={Martina Garda and Shivakumar Pattada Devaiah and Deborah V Vicuna Requesens and Yeun-Kyung Chang and Audrei N. G. Dabul and Christy L. Hanson and Kendall R. Hood and Elizabeth E. Hood}, journal={Transgenic Research}, year={2014}, volume={24}, pages={185-198} }