Assessment of cumulative sound exposure levels for marine piling events.

@article{Lepper2012AssessmentOC,
  title={Assessment of cumulative sound exposure levels for marine piling events.},
  author={Paul A. Lepper and Stephen Robinson and Michael A. Ainslie and Pete D. Theobald and Christ A. F. de Jong},
  journal={Advances in experimental medicine and biology},
  year={2012},
  volume={730},
  pages={
          453-7
        }
}
The installation of offshore wind farms in European waters and the scale of the planned activity have led to concern over the generation of noise and its potential impact on marine life. Much of this concern is centered around the noise generated by pile driving, which is used for the installation of the turbine foundations, and its potential impact on marine life (Thomsen et al. 2006). The noise generated by pile driving has the potential to cause injury, induce temporary or permanent hearing… CONTINUE READING

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