A Decade of Development of Chromogenic Culture Media for Clinical Microbiology in an Era of Molecular Diagnostics.
- John D Perry
- Clinical microbiology reviews
Detection of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) has evolved significantly since the introduction of sorbitol-MacConkey agar. This study compares four chromogenic media (CHROMagar™ STEC, Rainbow® O157 agar, CHROMagar™ O157, and Colorex® O157) in their identification of non-O157 STEC. When 161 non-O157 STEC were directly inoculated onto each medium, detection rates on CHROMagar™ STEC, Rainbow® O157 agar, CHROMagar™ O157 and Colorex® O157 were 90%, 70%, 3.7% and 6.8%, respectively. Tellurite minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) correlated with growth on CHROMagar™ STEC as 20 of 22 isolates with poor or no growth had MICs ≤1μg/mL. Stool spiking experiments revealed that CHROMagar™ STEC had the highest recovery of the six most common non-O157 STEC, ranging from 30% (in mucoid stool) to 98% (in watery stool). When using clinical stool samples, CHROMagar™ STEC had a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 84.6%, 87%, 13.9%, and 99.6%, respectively.