Assessment of coastal pollution through bioassay and transplantation of intertidal clams.

Abstract

In the present study, a survey of Mahim creek and Bay area was undertaken that indicated absence of fauna, particularly molluscs from the area, which was a repository in the past. During bioassay experiments of Mahim creek water, the clams G. divaricatum and C. antiquata could not open their valves in 100% creek water and died within 12 hrs of exposure. The 96 hrs LC50 values of Mahim creek water for G. divaricatum and C. antiquata were found to be 20% and 40% respectively during summer and 38% and 57% respectively during rainy season. When two sets of the clams were transplanted at Mahim creek, they died within 12 hrs. These experiments suggest the extreme level of pollution in the area. This level of pollution is responsible for transforming the area into barren locality in terms of fauna, specially the rich molluscan diversity. However, Gorai creek was found to be comparatively very less polluted and it still serves as breeding and nursery ground for various fishes and prawn species. Hence it must be protected and conserved.

Cite this paper

@article{Jaiswar2006AssessmentOC, title={Assessment of coastal pollution through bioassay and transplantation of intertidal clams.}, author={Ankur Jaiswar and Basavaraj G Kulkarni and Sunil Kumar Chakraborty}, journal={Journal of environmental science & engineering}, year={2006}, volume={48 2}, pages={119-22} }