Assessment of Total Choline Intakes in the United States

@article{Wallace2016AssessmentOT,
  title={Assessment of Total Choline Intakes in the United States},
  author={Taylor C. Wallace and Victor L. Fulgoni},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Nutrition},
  year={2016},
  volume={35},
  pages={108 - 112}
}
  • T. Wallace, V. Fulgoni
  • Published 17 February 2016
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Objective: Choline is an essential nutrient and plays a critical role in brain development, cell signaling, nerve impulse transmission, and lipid transport and metabolism. This analysis aimed to assess usual intakes of choline and compare them with the dietary reference intakes for U.S. residents aged ≥2 years. Methods: The National Cancer Institute method was used to assess usual intakes of choline from foods according to data for participants in the 2009–2012 National Health and Nutrition… 
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TLDR
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Choline: The Neurocognitive Essential Nutrient of Interest to Obstetricians and Gynecologists
TLDR
There is compelling evidence that demonstrates obtaining the current adequate intake for choline is problematic for the majority of the US population; excessive intakes above the tolerable upper intake level (UL) are absent.
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References

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TLDR
Given the importance of choline in a wide range of critical functions in the human body, coupled with less-than-optimal intakes among the population, dietary guidance should be developed to encourage the intake of ch Caroline-rich foods.
Multivitamin/Mineral Supplement Contribution to Micronutrient Intakes in the United States, 2007–2010
TLDR
In large proportions of the population, micronutrient sufficiency is currently not being achieved through food solutions for several essential vitamins and minerals, so use of age- and gender-specific MVMM supplements may serve as a practical means to increase the micronUTrient status in subpopulations of Americans while not increasing intakes above the UL.
Usual choline and betaine dietary intake and incident coronary heart disease: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
TLDR
Higher intakes of choline and betaine were not protective for incident coronary heart disease, and no association was found between dietary choline intake and incident CHD when correcting for measurement error.
Repeatability and measurement error in the assessment of choline and betaine dietary intake: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
TLDR
The three-year reliability of reported dietary intake was similar for choline and related nutrients, in the range as that published in the literature for other micronutrients.
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TLDR
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TLDR
The positive association between choline intake and colorectal adenoma that was observed could represent effects of other components in the foods from which choline was derived and should be investigated further.
Choline, an essential nutrient for humans
TLDR
Healthy humans consuming a choline‐deficient diet for 3 wk had depleted stores of choline in tissues and developed signs of incipient liver dysfunction and choline is an essential nutrient for humans when excess methionine and folate are not available in the diet.
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TLDR
In highly motivated premenopausal women, the AMPM provides valid measures of group total energy and nutrient intake whereas the Block and DHQ yield underestimations.
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The US Department of Agriculture Automated Multiple-Pass Method reduces bias in the collection of energy intakes.
TLDR
Although the AMPM accurately reported EIs in normal-weight subjects, research is warranted to enhance its accuracy in overweight and obese persons.
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