Assessment of Obstetrician-Gynecologists Performing Laparoscopic Surgery : Study of Hand Size and Surgical Instruments


Ergonomic challenges in operating rooms are discussed more often today because laparoscopic surgery developed quickly in the 1990s [14]. Due to the nature of laparoscopic surgery, surgeons are operating with long stiff instruments through fixed entry points; this reduces the degrees of freedom (DOF) movement from “six” in open surgery to “four” in… (More)

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