Assessment of Lifetime Participation in Cognitively Stimulating Activities

  title={Assessment of Lifetime Participation in Cognitively Stimulating Activities},
  author={Robert S. Wilson and Lisa L. Barnes and David A. Bennett},
  journal={Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology},
  pages={634 - 642}
Cognitively stimulating experience is thought to contribute to cognitive reserve. We constructed a questionnaire consisting of 25 items about frequency of participation in cognitive activities across the life span and administered it to two groups of older persons. The total score on the scale had high internal consistency (coefficient alpha 1/4 0.88) and temporal stability over a 4-week re-test interval (r =.79), and it was positively correlated with education. In analyses controlling for age… 
Assessment of Cognitively Stimulating Activity in a Spanish Population
A scale to measure cognitively stimulating activities (CSA) in the Spanish language was constructed from a list of 28 items and validated using structural equation models and showed a negative correlation with age and a positive correlation with education and physical activity.
Influence of late-life cognitive activity on cognitive health
The results suggest that more frequent mental stimulation in old age leads to better cognitive functioning, and the level of global cognition did not predict the subsequent level of cognitive activity participation.
Characteristics of the Florida Cognitive Activities Scale in Older African Americans
It is suggested that the FCAS is a reliable and valid measure of cognitive activities in older African Americans and provides additional, although not causative, evidence in support of the hypothesis of a protective effect of cognitive activity against cognitive decline regardless of ethnicity or race.
Cognitive reserve and cognitive function in healthy older people: a meta-analysis
The view that the commonly used proxy measures of CR share an underlying process but that each additionally provides a unique contribution to CR is supported.
Cognitive activity and cognitive decline in a biracial community population
Frequent participation in cognitively stimulating activities is associated with reduced cognitive decline in older persons, and this effect remained when controlled for depressive symptoms and chronic medical conditions and when persons with evidence of memory impairment at baseline were excluded.
Participation in recreation and cognitive activities as a predictor of cognitive performance of adults with/without Down syndrome
The findings support the Cognitive Activity Theory in populations with ID and support the Compensation Age Theory: not only endogenous factors, but also exogenous factors such as life style determining the cognitive functioning of adults with ID.
Cognitive reserve, mood, and cognitive function in later life
Background: Cognitive reserve (CR) is the concept that was proposed to account for the incongruity in the associations between levels of neuropathology and cognitive function. It is difficult to
Typical Intellectual Engagement and Cognition in Old Age
After controlling for age, sex, and formal education, TIE was more strongly associated with crystallized intelligence than with fluid intelligence, comparable to results in younger persons.
The Role of Education and Intellectual Activity on Cognition
Findings suggest that education-cognition relations are partially explained by frequent participation in intellectual activities, and the association between education and cognition was not completely eliminated, suggesting that other factors may drive these associations.
Leisure and Cognitively Stimulating Activities as Means for Improving Cognitive Performance in Persons with Intellectual Disability During Adulthood
Engagement in leisure pursuits and cognitively stimulating activities during adulthood can serve as a means of enhancing the cognitive functioning and quality of life among adults with ID, in the


Participation in cognitively stimulating activities and risk of incident Alzheimer disease.
Results suggest that frequent participation in cognitively stimulating activities is associated with reduced risk of AD.
Age differences in cognitive performance in later life: relationships to self-reported health and activity life style.
Self-reported health was more predictive of processing resource variables than knowledge-based abilities and participation in cognitively demanding activities was more highly related to performance on some measures for older adults than for middle-aged adults.
Premorbid reading activity and patterns of cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease.
The results suggest that both the extent and nature of premorbid cognitive experiences may affect how Alzheimer disease pathology is clinically expressed.
Complexity of life style and maintenance of intellectual abilities.
Results of longitudinal studies of intellectual abilities show significant individual variation in maintenance or decrement of such functions throughout adult development. The Life Complexity
Cognitive activity in older persons from a geographically defined population.
  • R. Wilson, D. Bennett, D. Evans
  • Psychology
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 1999
Examination of cognitive activity patterns in a geographically defined, biracial population of persons aged 65 years and older found more frequent participation in cognitive activities was associated with younger age, more education, higher family income, female gender, and White race; participation in activities judged to be more cognitively intense was not strongly related to age.
Use it or lose it: engaged lifestyle as a buffer of cognitive decline in aging?
There was a relationship between changes in intellectually related activities and changes in cognitive functioning and these results are consistent with the hypothesis that intellectually engaging activities serve to buffer individuals against decline.
Individual differences in rates of change in cognitive abilities of older persons.
The results suggest that change in cognitive function in old age primarily reflects person-specific factors rather than an inevitable developmental process.
Structural equation model of intellectual change and continuity and predictors of intelligence in older men.
Predictors for verbal intelligence were consistent with an engagement model of intellectual maintenance but also indicated the importance of introversion-extraversion and age, and the most important determinant of older adult performance was young adult intelligence.
Natural history of mild cognitive impairment in older persons
Mild cognitive impairment is associated with an increased risk of death and incident AD, and a greater rate of decline in selected cognitive abilities.
The association between mental, social and physical activity and cognitive performance in young and old subjects.
The influence of mental, social and physical activity on fluid, crystallized and memory tasks was examined in 60 young and 56 elderly subjects using multiple regression to find that physical activity was associated with higher fluid test performance in old but not in young subjects.