Assessment of English-French differential item functioning of the Satisfaction with Appearance Scale (SWAP) in systemic sclerosis.

Abstract

The Satisfaction with Appearance Scale (SWAP) has been used to assess body image distress among people with the rare and disfiguring disease systemic sclerosis (SSc); however, it has not been validated across different languages groups. The objective was to examine differential item functioning of the SWAP among 856 Canadian English- or French-speaking SSc patients. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the SWAP two-factor structure (Dissatisfaction with Appearance and Social Discomfort). The Multiple-Indicator Multiple-Cause model was utilized to assess differential item functioning. Results revealed that the established two-factor model of the SWAP demonstrated relatively good fit. Statistically significant, but small-magnitude differential item functioning was found for three SWAP items based on language; however, the cumulative effect on SWAP scores was negligible. Findings provided empirical evidence that SWAP scores from Canadian English- and French-speaking patients can be compared and pooled without concern that measurement differences may substantially influence results.

DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.005

Cite this paper

@article{Jewett2017AssessmentOE, title={Assessment of English-French differential item functioning of the Satisfaction with Appearance Scale (SWAP) in systemic sclerosis.}, author={Lisa R. Jewett and Linda Kwakkenbos and Marie Hudson and Murray Baron and Brett D Thombs}, journal={Body image}, year={2017}, volume={22}, pages={97-102} }