Assessment of Electrical Energy Losses in the Colombian Power System

  title={Assessment of Electrical Energy Losses in the Colombian Power System},
  author={Rodolfo F. C{\'e}spedes and Hatun Duran and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Hernandez and Ato Rodriguez},
  journal={IEEE Power Engineering Review},
The electrical energy losses for the entire Colombian network comprising distribution voltage levels up to the high voltage transmission levels are calculated. The energy losses are classified as ``physical'' losses corresponding to Joule effect (I2R), Corona and core transformer losses and ``black'' losses which are defined as the difference between the energy available at the consumer level and the energy effectively billed by the different electric utilities in Colombia. A new methodology… CONTINUE READING
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