Assessment of 1-lead and 2-lead electrode patterns in electrical impedance endotomography.

Abstract

Electrical impedance endotomography (EIE) is a modality of impedance imaging where the electrodes are located on an insulating core placed at the centre of the region of interest. The absence of a physical limit to the medium surrounding the probe enables the use of remote electrodes. The present study compares the features of 2-lead measurements, where the two pairs of electrodes are located on the probe, to 1-lead measurements, where one of the two injection electrodes and one of the two sensing electrodes are located at a distance far away from the probe. The methodology was the characterization of the sensitivity matrix under the influence of electrode pattern, reconstruction radius and mesh construction. Three mesh constructions, three values of the reconstruction radius and five electrode patterns were compared. The study was carried out in 2D using calculated data. Measurement noise was simulated by an addition of 5% Gaussian white noise. The images were reconstructed using the Tikhonov method and L-curve technique. The results show that the reconstruction mesh and the radius of the reconstruction domain have less influence on the conditioning of the sensitivity matrix than the electrode pattern. Both 1-lead and 2-lead configurations enabled the reconstruction of images of relatively similar quality. Additional selection criteria are expected from hardware considerations.

Cite this paper

@article{FournierDesseux2005AssessmentO1, title={Assessment of 1-lead and 2-lead electrode patterns in electrical impedance endotomography.}, author={Anne Fournier-Desseux and Jacques Jossinet}, journal={Physiological measurement}, year={2005}, volume={26 4}, pages={337-49} }