Assessment and mitigation of human-lion conflict in West and Central Africa

@inproceedings{Bauer2010AssessmentAM,
  title={Assessment and mitigation of human-lion conflict in West and Central Africa},
  author={Hans Bauer and Hans H. de Iongh and Etot{\'e}p{\'e} A. Sogbohossou},
  year={2010}
}
Abstract The lion (Panthera leo) is most threatened in West and Central Africa; livestock encroachment and indiscriminate killing of lions are the main threats. Human-lion conflict mitigation is therefore key to persistence. Several experiments were carried out in the region to assess and mitigate human-lion conflict. In Pendjari National Park in Benin, enclosures of clay instead of the usual thorny branches reduced depredation figures by half. Around the Niger side of ‘W’ National Park… 

Tables from this paper

The Decline in the Lion Population in Africa and Possible Mitigation Measures
The African lion Panthera leo is under threat. Over the last century the lion has lost about 82 % of its former distribution range, and recent estimates suggest that there are 23,000–38,000
Livestock depredation and mitigation methods practised by resident and nomadic pastoralists around Waza National Park, Cameroon
Abstract Conflict between humans and lions Panthera leo is a key factor driving population declines of lions in Africa, especially in communal lands and on the edges of small protected areas. We
Lion (Panthera leo) ecology and survival in protected areas of Ethiopia
Ethiopia is renowned for its cultural and biological diversity and covers an important share of lion habitat in Africa, providing connectivity between East and Central Africa. The aim of this study
Human Wildlife Conflict: Causes, Consequences and Management Strategies in Mount Cameroon National Park South West Region, Cameroon
Human Wildlife Conflict is as old as agriculture in the world and in Africa in particular. The main objective was to contribute to the sustainable management of MCNP via mapping out the extent and
SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF HUMAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICTS ON AGRICULTURE BASED LIVELIHOOD IN THE PERIPHERY OF SAVE VALLEY CONSERVANCY,
Human-wildlife conflicts are a concern in southern Zimbabwe which is part of Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area. Study objectives were to assess cost value of crop/livestock loss
A culture of tolerance: coexisting with large carnivores in the Kafa Highlands, Ethiopia
Abstract We assessed losses of livestock to lions Panthera leo and leopards Panthera pardus in the Adiyo and Gimbo districts in Kafa Biosphere Reserve, Ethiopia. We quantified the economic impact,
The Lion in West Africa Is Critically Endangered
TLDR
This study undertook lion surveys in 13 large PAs and compiled evidence of lion presence/absence for a further eight PAs, and encourages revision of lion taxonomy, to recognize the genetic distinctiveness of West African lions and highlight their potentially unique conservation value.
The impact of land reform in Zimbabwe on the conservation of cheetahs and other large carnivores
Prior to 2000 Zimbabwe was hailed as a conservation success story, with large areas of commercial (private) land outside of national parks being used to support wildlife. In 2000, however, a
Effects of shepherds and dogs on livestock depredation by leopards (Panthera pardus) in north-eastern Iran
TLDR
Study of individual leopard attacks on sheep and goats in 34 villages near Golestan National Park, Iran indicates that local husbandry practices are ineffectual and the mere presence of shepherds and guarding dogs is not enough to secure protection, and suggests that dogs are raised to create a strong social bond with livestock.
Lion predation on livestock and native wildlife in Waza National Park, northern Cameroon
TLDR
Management efforts to reduce livestock intrusion into the park and to reverse the declining trends of wild prey populations would significantly reduce predation of livestock and prevent persecution of lions in this park, but conflict mitigation measures outside the park are also urgently needed.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
Predicting the patterns, perceptions and causes of human-carnivore conflict in and around Machiara National Park, Pakistan
Human–carnivore conflict is considered to be a major conservation and rural livelihood issue because many carnivore species have been heavily persecuted due to elevated conflict levels with
Crop damage and livestock depredation by wildlife: a case study from Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, India.
TLDR
Crop yield losses and livestock depredation were serious problems observed in most buffer zone villages of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve and potential solutions discussed emphasize the need to undertake suitable and appropriate protective measures to minimize the crop losses.
Limiting Depredation by African Carnivores: the Role of Livestock Husbandry
Most large carnivore species are in global decline. Conflict with local people, particularly over depredation on livestock, is a major cause of this decline, affecting both nominally protected
People and Wildlife: People and predators in Laikipia District, Kenya
In this century, only in Africa do substantial numbers of people and livestock still live alongside sizeable populations of large carnivores. Predators are rarely a threat to humans in modern Africa,
Conservation biology: Lion attacks on humans in Tanzania
TLDR
Attacks on humans in Tanzania have increased dramatically during this time: they peak at harvest time each year and are most frequent in areas with few prey apart from bush pigs, the most common nocturnal crop pest.
Lion - prey relations in West and Central Africa
TLDR
This discussion is mainly based on data from six study areas in the Soudano-sahelian savannah belt: Niokolo Koba National Park in Senegal, ‘W’ NP in Niger, Pendjari NP in Benin, Zakouma NP in Chad and Waza NP and Bouba Njida NP in Cameroon.
The Demise of the Nomadic Contract: Arrangements and Rangelands under pressure in the Far North of Cameroon
Introduction The discussion concerning the access nomadic pastoralists have to rangelands in West Africa has focused primarily on their complementary relations with agricultural populations (Breusers
An initial study on habitat conservation of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), with a focus on human elephant conflict in Simao, China
Abstract The impact of the Asian elephant, Elephas maximus , on the rural agricultural economy in the Simao region of Yunnan province, China, was assessed from 1996 to 2000. Elephants were
Lion (Panthera leo) home ranges and livestock conflicts in Waza National Park, Cameroon
An isolated population of approximately 50 lions (Panthera leo L.) in Waza National Park, Cameroon, caused considerable damage to livestock. Home range sizes of five collared lions were assessed, the
Inventory of free-ranging lions Panthera leo in Africa
The number of free ranging African lions Panthera leo has never been comprehensively assessed. We present an inventory of available information, covering most protected areas and ranging in quality
...
1
2
3
...