Assessing yourself as an emotional eater: Mission impossible?

  title={Assessing yourself as an emotional eater: Mission impossible?},
  author={Catharine Evers and D. T. D. de Ridder and Marieke A Adriaanse},
OBJECTIVE The extent to which individuals are emotional eaters has typically been assessed by people's self-reported desire to eat when they experience negative emotions. Elevated scores on these emotional eater scales have been associated with eating pathology and obesity. However, evidence that individuals scoring high on these scales truly increase their food intake during emotional encounters is inconclusive. The current studies tested whether emotional eater scales capture the proposed… 

Tables from this paper

Emotional Eating Is Not What You Think It Is and Emotional Eating Scales Do Not Measure What You Think They Measure
It is concluded that emotional eating scales lack predictive and discriminative validity; they cannot be assumed to measure accurately what they intend to measure, namely increased food intake in response to negative emotions.
Do Emotions Cause Eating? The Role of Previous Experiences and Social Context in Emotional Eating
Emotional eating is defined as an increase in eating following negative emotion. Self-reported emotional eating has been associated with physical-health concerns. However, experimental studies
Self-reported emotional eating is not related to greater food intake: results from two laboratory studies
Two experimental studies that examined associations between self-reported emotional eating and emotional eating measured in the laboratory concluded that future research in this area would benefit from using diverse samples and development of novel methods of assessing emotional eating.
Moderation of distress-induced eating by emotional eating scores
Feeding Your Feelings: Emotion Regulation Strategies and Emotional Eating
The hypothesis that the regulation strategies people use to deal with emotions are responsible for increased eating are addressed, providing new evidence that the way in which emotions are regulated affects eating behavior.


Emotions and eating in everyday life
Results indicate the presence of "emotionally instrumental eating" in a non-clinical population under real life conditions and Physiological correlates of negative emotional states may be involved in emotionally instrumental eating.
Emotional eating: Eating when emotional or emotional about eating?
It is shown that snack intake is better predicted by habit strength and restraint eating than by emotional eating, and in normal-weight women the concept of emotional eating may not capture the tendency to eat under emotional conditions, but rather reflects beliefs about the relation between emotions and eating.
Effects of negative mood induction and impulsivity on self-perceived emotional eating.
Negative affect substantially influences self-perceptions in terms of emotional eating, which is relevant for both prevention and treatment.
Affect asymmetry and comfort food consumption
On the relationship between emotional and external eating behavior.
Perceived changes in food intake in response to stress: the role of conscientiousness
The role of conscientiousness in understanding the effects of stress on eating behavior remains unknown. In this study, the interactive effects of conscientiousness and established individual
Restraint, disinhibition, hunger and negative affect eating.