Assessing tobacco dependence: a guide to measure evaluation and selection.

@article{Piper2006AssessingTD,
  title={Assessing tobacco dependence: a guide to measure evaluation and selection.},
  author={Megan E. Piper and Danielle E. McCarthy and Timothy B. Baker},
  journal={Nicotine \& tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco},
  year={2006},
  volume={8 3},
  pages={
          339-51
        }
}
Tobacco dependence is a key construct in tobacco research. This paper describes a construct validation approach to dependence assessment and describes key conceptual and psychometric criteria on which to evaluate putative measures of dependence. Five current dependence scales-the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence; the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.); the Cigarette Dependence Scale; the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale; and the Wisconsin Inventory of… 

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