Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity

@article{Molnar2008AssessingTG,
  title={Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity},
  author={Jennifer L. Molnar and Ruben Gamboa and Carmen Revenga and Mark Spalding},
  journal={Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment},
  year={2008},
  volume={6},
  pages={485-492}
}
Although invasive species are widely recognized as a major threat to marine biodiversity, there has been no quantitative global assessment of their impacts and routes of introduction. Here, we report initial results from the first such global assessment. Drawing from over 350 databases and other sources, we synthesized information on 329 marine invasive species, including their distribution, impacts on biodiversity, and introduction pathways. Initial analyses show that only 16% of marine… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Assessing the Effects of Marine Protected Areas on Biological Invasions: A Global Review
TLDR
It is found that protection had a significant negative effect on half the species, whereas 33% of the species were positively affected and more evidence on various species and taxonomic groups across marine regions is necessary to draw robust conclusions.
Marine invasive species
Worldwide, marine biological invasions of non-native species have increased significantly 28 in recent years due to a rapid rise in global trade, transport and tourism. Invasions occur 29 when
Marine invasive species: establishing pathways, their presence and potential threats in the Galapagos Marine Reserve
TLDR
The potential vectors facilitating marine invasions are discussed with the suggestion that marine traffic could be the most influential vector in the transport of marine non-natives to the Galapagos Marine Reserve.
Global patterns in threats to vertebrates by biological invasions
TLDR
The first study linking 1372 vertebrates threatened by more than 200 IAS from the completely revised Global Invasive Species Database is reported, finding that centres of IAS-threatened vertebrates are concentrated in the Americas, India, Indonesia, Australia and New Zealand.
Invading European Seas: Assessing pathways of introduction of marine aliens
Biological introduction risks from shipping in a warming Arctic
TLDR
Risks associated with non-indigenous propagule loads discharged with ships' ballast water to the high-Arctic archipelago, Svalbard, are evaluated as a case study for the wider Arctic and show that current ballastWater management practices do not prevent non-Indigenous species from being transferred to the Arctic.
Marine biosecurity: protecting indigenous marine species
TLDR
The aim of this paper is to draw attention to the challenges associated with preventing the introduction of marine NIS and to highlight the urgent need for concerted action across the EU member states.
Status of Marine Biodiversity in the Anthropocene
Marine biodiversity plays an important role in providing the ecosystem functions and services which humans derive from the oceans. Understanding how this provisioning will change in the Anthropocene
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 216 REFERENCES
Options for Managing Invasive Marine Species
TLDR
To control introduced marine pests, scientists and managers will need to overcome perceptual biases among marine stakeholders, develop a decision-making framework for what is perceived to be an open system, and focus on technologies likely to be both effective and publicly and politically acceptable.
Global Invasions of Marine and Estuarine Habitats by Non-Indigenous Species: Mechanisms, Extent, and Consequences'
TLDR
It is clear that non-indigenous species are a significant force of change in marine and especially estuarine communities globally and studies of marine communities that do not include NIS are increasingly incomplete.
Loss or gain? Invasive aliens and biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • B. Galil
  • Environmental Science
    Marine pollution bulletin
  • 2007
Global strategy on invasive alien species
The spread of invasive alien species (IAS) is creating complex and far-reaching challenges that threaten both the natural biological riches of the earth and the well being of its citizens.
Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas
ABSTRACT The conservation and sustainable use of marine resources is a highlighted goal on a growing number of national and international policy agendas. Unfortunately, efforts to assess progress, as
Invasive alien species : a new synthesis
TLDR
Invasive Alien Species is the final report of GISP's first phase of operation, 1997-2000, in which authorities from more than thirty countries worked to examine invasions as a worldwide environmental hazard.
Marine Reserves as a Tool for Ecosystem-Based Management: The Potential Importance of Megafauna
Abstract Marine predators attract significant attention in ocean conservation planning and are therefore often used politically to promote reserve designation. We discuss whether their ecology and
Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth
TLDR
This article has developed a detailed map of the terrestrial ecoregions of the world that is better suited to identify areas of outstanding biodiversity and representative communities and addresses the disparity in resolution between maps currently available for global conservation planning and the reality of the Earth’s intricate patterns of life.
The status and causes of alien species invasion in China
Data of classification, origin, pathway and environmental impacts of invasive alien micro-organisms, invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, fish, birds, mammals, weeds, trees, and marine organisms
Introduction of Non-Native Oysters: Ecosystem Effects and Restoration Implications
TLDR
Oysters have been introduced worldwide to 73 countries, but the ecological consequences of the introductions are not fully understood and substantial population, community, and habitat changes have accompanied new oysters.
...
...