Assessing the feasibility of N and P recovery by struvite precipitation from nutrient-rich wastewater: a review

  title={Assessing the feasibility of N and P recovery by struvite precipitation from nutrient-rich wastewater: a review},
  author={Ramesh Kumar and Parimal Pal},
  journal={Environmental Science and Pollution Research},
  • Ramesh Kumar, P. Pal
  • Published 26 September 2015
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Literature on recovery of nitrogen and phosphorous from wastewater in the form of value-added struvite fertilizer has been critically reviewed towards the evolution of a sustainable management strategy. Presence of nitrogen and phosphorus is widespread in both domestic as well as industrial wastewater streams such as swine wastewater, landfill leachate, urine waste, dairy manure, coke wastewater, and beverage wastewater. Where these nitrogen and phosphorus compounds cause eutrophication of… 
Recovery of struvite from wastewaters as an eco-friendly fertilizer: Review of the art and perspective for a sustainable agriculture practice in India
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An overview of technologies to recover phosphorus as struvite from wastewater: advantages and shortcomings
A comprehensive analysis of the current state of the technologies for phosphorus recovery in the form of struvite from wastewater shows these technologies are associated with several shortcomings such as high operational costs, high energy consumption, and large footprint.
Economic feasibility of phosphorus recovery through struvite from liquid anaerobic digestate of animal waste
  • K. Min, K. Park
  • Medicine
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research
  • 2021
The optimal production conditions, yield, and economic viability of struvite using the anaerobic digestion of livestock wastewater were investigated and the economic feasibility of adding zeolite to improve the productivity of Struvite and additionally remove nitrogen was evaluated.
Engineering principles and process designs for phosphorus recovery as struvite: A comprehensive review
Abstract The rising population relies heavily on expensive phosphate (P) fertilizers for its agricultural productivity that qualms the national food security. Globally, there is a growing concern for
Application of Recycled Fish Wastes for the Recovery of Struvite Fertilizer From Actual Landfill Leachate
The crystallization of struvite (MgNH4PO4.6H2O) is known as an effective way for recovering nutrients from landfill leachate (LL). Recently, several studies have been done to examine nonconventional
Insight into chemical phosphate recovery from municipal wastewater.
A technical overview of chemical phosphate recovery in both phases with reference to mechanism, efficiency and the main governing parameters is presented and a discussion on the economic feasibility of the technologies is assessed.
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Nitrogen should be strictly limited in wastewater to control the eutrophication of water bodies. Nitrate and nitrite need to be efficiently removed from groundwater and surface water due to their
Formation of struvite from agricultural wastewaters and its reuse on farmlands: Status and hindrances to closing the nutrient loop.
This work will provide scientists and engineers with a better idea on how to solve the bottlenecks of this technique and integrate it successfully into their treatment systems, which will ultimately help close the nutrient loop in agriculture.
Nutrient recovery by struvite precipitation, ion exchange and adsorption from source-separated human urine – a review
ABSTRACT The control of nutrients is a priority issue to protect drinking water resources as well as other water bodies. Although this control can be ensured through well designed joint treatment
Resource recovery and waste-to-energy from wastewater sludge via thermochemical conversion technologies in support of circular economy: a comprehensive review
With the rapid rise in global population over the past decades, there has been a corresponding surge in demand for resources such as food and energy. As a consequence, the rate of waste generation


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Abstract Nitrogen and phosphorus in wastewaters are a burning environmental issue of the present world. This review covers the studies conducted on the removal and recovery of phosphorus and nitrogen
The determination of fertilizer quality of the formed struvite from effluent of a sewage sludge anaerobic digester.
XRD analysis conducted on the precipitate indicated a struvite formation, and Mercury, nickel, zinc and chrome concentrations derived from struVite precipitation were below the regulatory limit for fertilizer usage in Turkey.
Phosphorus Recovery from Wastewater by Struvite Crystallization: A Review
The present review provides an understanding of principles of struvite crystallization and examines the techniques and processes experimented to date by researchers at laboratory, pilot, and
An economic evaluation of phosphorus recovery as struvite from digester supernatant.
If struvite were to be recovered from wastewater treatment plants worldwide, 0.63 million tons of phosphorus (as P(2)O(5)) could be harvested annually, reducing phosphate rock mining by 1.6%.
Recovery of phosphorous from swine wastewater through crystallization.
An accumulation device for the recovery of pure struvite was designed and its efficiency examined, and it was found to be approximately 95% pure.
Turning hazardous waste into value-added products: production and characterization of struvite from ammoniacal waste with new approaches
Abstract Ammonium nitrogen present in high concentration in ammoniacal waste was recovered through chemical precipitation as magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate known as struvite with new
Greenhouse evaluation of struvite and sludges from municipal wastewater treatment works as phosphorus sources for plants.
STR was as effective as SUP in increasing the dry matter yield and supplying P to ryegrass and exhibited less agronomic effectiveness as P sources, which may be attributed, at least partially, to greater soil P fixation because of the larger amount of Fe incorporated with these materials.
Recent advances in removing phosphorus from wastewater and its future use as fertilizer (1997-2003).
This comprehensive review summarizes the current status in phosphorus-removal technologies from the most common approaches, like metal precipitation, constructed wetland systems, adsorption by various microorganisms either in a free state or immobilized in polysaccharide gels, to enhanced biological phosphorus removal using activated sludge systems, and several innovative engineering solutions.
Phosphorus Recovery and Reuse from Waste Streams
Abstract Phosphorus (P) is a macronutrient essential for all living organisms. Regrettably, it is a finite resource since phosphate rock (PR) is the main material used for production of P
Ammonia removal from anaerobically digested dairy manure by struvite precipitation
Abstract Ammonia is one of the most important contaminants impairing the quality of water resources. When this is considered along with the fact that the global demand for nitrogenous fertilizers is