Assessing the Work Environment for Creativity

  title={Assessing the Work Environment for Creativity},
  author={Teresa M. Amabile and Regina Conti and Heather M. Coon and J. Lazenby and M. Herron},
  journal={Academy of Management Journal},
We describe the development and validation of a new instrument, KEYS: Assessing the Climate for Creativity, designed to assess perceived stimulants and obstacles to creativity in organizational work environments. The KEYS scales have acceptable factor structures, internal consistencies, test-retest reliabilities, and preliminary convergent and discriminant validity. A construct validity study shows that perceived work environments, as assessed by the KEYS scales, discriminate between high… 

A Review of Instruments Assessing Creative and Innovative Environments Within Organizations

This article provides a review of the available instruments for measuring work environments conducive to creativity and innovation. The following instruments were assessed: KEYS: Assessing the

Assessing the Climate for Creativity (KEYS): Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Psychometric Examination of a Taiwan Version

Understanding the feasibility of using KEYS to assess the organizational climate for creativity in non‐Western societies is essential for researchers studying cultural influences on workers'

Situational Outlook Questionnaire: A Measure of the Climate for Creativity and Change

The foundations of a multidimensional measure designed to assess creativity and change are presented. The reliability and construct validity of the Situational Outlook Questionnaire were tested using

Approaches to Measuring Creativity: A Systematic Literature Review

Abstract This paper presents a review of the literature on the measurement of creativity. Creativity definitions are discussed as a starting point for understanding the nature of this construct. The

Climate for Creativity: A Quantitative Review

Abstract Creativity is commonly held to emerge from an interaction of the person and the situation. In studies of creativity, situational influences are commonly assessed by using climate measures.

Creative Potential and Practised Creativity: Identifying Untapped Creativity in Organizations

This study examines the construct validity of creative potential and practised creativity, two overlooked aspects of creativity that may be useful for identifying untapped creative resources in

Changes in the Work Environment for Creativity During Downsizing

This study examined the work environment for creativity at a large high-technology firm before, during, and after a major downsizing. Creativity and most creativity-supporting aspects of the

Measuring Creativity at Work

Creativity at work can be seen as the result of the interaction between individual (cognitive, conative, and affective) and environmental characteristics. Thus, individuals with creative potential



The creative environment scales: Work environment inventory

Abstract: The Creative Environment Scales Work Environment Inventory (WEI) is a new paper‐and‐pencil instrument designed to assess stimulants and obstacles to creativity in the work environment.

Toward a Theory of Organizational Creativity

In this article we develop a theoretical framework for understanding creativity in complex social settings. We define organizational creativity as the creation of a valuable, useful new product,

Measuring the perceived support for innovation in organizations.

On the basis of previous analyses of a mental hospital and a university graduate program, the authors postulated five a priori dimensions characteristic of innovative organizations. A Likert-type


A 30-item version of the Perceived Support for Innovation scale was completed by 30 employees from an engineering firm judged to be ‘innovative’ by local businesspersons and 30 from a similar firm

Experiences of Innovation at Work

There is a need for individual‐level research into innovation, which departs from the traditions of mainstream creativity research. A working definition is given which enables innovation to be

Social influences on creativity: the effects of contracted-for reward.

Support for the hypothesis that explicitly contracting to do an activity in order to receive a reward will have negative effects on creativity appears to be strong and generalizable across different subject populations, reward types, reward presentations, and creativity tasks.

Social Influences on Creativity: Evaluation, Coaction, and Surveillance

Abstract: Two experiments examined the effects of evaluation expectation and the presence of others on creativity. In both experiments, some subjects expected that their work would be evaluated by

The social psychology of creativity

I. Understanding and Assessing Creativity.- 1. The Case for a Social Psychology of Creativity.- A Gap in Creativity Research.- Some Social Psychological Stories.- A Recurrent Theme: Intrinsic versus

Organizational Climates for Creativity

The characteristics associated with the creative individual and the identification of these characteristics have been explored in a companion paper in this Journal.1 Once this important task has be...

The Work Preference Inventory: Assessing Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivational Orientations

The Work Preference Inventory (WPI) is designed to assess individual differences in intrinsic and extrinsic motivational orientations. Both the college student and the working adult versions aim to