Assessing risks of releasing exotic biological control agents of arthropod pests.

  title={Assessing risks of releasing exotic biological control agents of arthropod pests.},
  author={Joop C. van Lenteren and Jeffrey S. Bale and Franz Bigler and Heikki M. T. Hokkanen and Antoon J. M. Loomans},
  journal={Annual review of entomology},
More than 5000 introductions of about 2000 species of exotic arthropod agents for control of arthropod pests in 196 countries or islands during the past 120 years rarely have resulted in negative environmental effects. Yet, risks of environmental effects caused by releases of exotics are of growing concern. Twenty countries have implemented regulations for release of biological control agents. Soon, the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM3) will become the standard for all… CONTINUE READING
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