Assessing miserly information processing: An expansion of the Cognitive Reflection Test

@article{Toplak2014AssessingMI,
  title={Assessing miserly information processing: An expansion of the Cognitive Reflection Test},
  author={Maggie E. Toplak and Richard F. West and Keith E. Stanovich},
  journal={Thinking \& Reasoning},
  year={2014},
  volume={20},
  pages={147 - 168}
}
The Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT; Frederick, 2005) is designed to measure the tendency to override a prepotent response alternative that is incorrect and to engage in further reflection that leads to the correct response. It is a prime measure of the miserly information processing posited by most dual process theories. The original three-item test may be becoming known to potential participants, however. We examined a four-item version that could serve as a substitute for the original. Our… Expand
Dissecting the expanded cognitive reflection test: an item response theory analysis
ABSTRACT This study presents a psychometric evaluation of the Expanded Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT7) based on item response theory. The participants (N = 1204) completed the CRT7 and providedExpand
Has the Standard Cognitive Reflection Test Become a Victim of Its Own Success?
  • M. Haigh
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Advances in cognitive psychology
  • 2016
TLDR
The Cognitive Reflection Test is a hugely influential problem solving task that measures individual differences in the propensity to reflect on and override intuitive (but incorrect) solutions, and evidence suggests it may have been widely invalidated. Expand
Slower is not always better: Response-time evidence clarifies the limited role of miserly information processing in the Cognitive Reflection Test
TLDR
The authors' analysis focused on people’s response times to CRT items to determine whether predicted associations are evident between miserly thinking and the generation of incorrect, intuitive answers, and indicated only a weak correlation between CRT response times and accuracy. Expand
Investigating an alternate form of the cognitive reflection test
Much research in cognitive psychology has focused on the tendency to conserve limited cognitive resources. The CRT is the predominant measure of such miserly information processing, and also predictsExpand
The false allure of fast lures
The Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) allegedly measures the tendency to override the prepotent incorrect answers to some special problems, and to engage in further reflection. A growing literatureExpand
The development and testing of a new version of the cognitive reflection test applying item response theory (irt).
The cognitive reflection test (CRT) is a short measure of a person's ability to resist intuitive response tendencies and to produce a normatively correct response, which is based on effortfulExpand
A reflection on cognitive reflection – testing convergent/divergent validity of two measures of cognitive reflection
The aim of the study was to test convergent/discriminant validity of two measures of cognitive reflection, cognitive reflection test (CRT) and belief bias syllogisms (BBS) and to investigate whetherExpand
Developing A Cognitive Reflection Test for School-Age Children
TLDR
A version of the cognitive reflection test suitable for elementary-schoolaged children, which could be used to study the emergence of cognitive reflection as well as its role in the development of other forms of higher-order cognition. Expand
Attitude to ambiguity as a predictor of analytic thinking
Thinking dispositions are considered important predictors of analytic thinking. While several thinking dispositions have been found to predict responses on a range of analytic thinking tasks, thisExpand
Dunning-Kruger Effect: Intuitive Errors Predict Overconfidence on the Cognitive Reflection Test
TLDR
Results taken together suggest that participants who perform poorly in the CRT and also those who score higher in intuitive thinking disposition are more susceptible to the influences of heuristic-based cues, such as answer fluency, when judging their performance. Expand
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