Assessing mandatory stay‐at‐home and business closure effects on the spread of COVID‐19

  title={Assessing mandatory stay‐at‐home and business closure effects on the spread of COVID‐19},
  author={Eran Bendavid and Christopher Oh and Jay Bhattacharya and John P. A. Ioannidis},
  journal={European Journal of Clinical Investigation},
The most restrictive nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) for controlling the spread of COVID‐19 are mandatory stay‐at‐home and business closures. Given the consequences of these policies, it is important to assess their effects. We evaluate the effects on epidemic case growth of more restrictive NPIs (mrNPIs), above and beyond those of less‐restrictive NPIs (lrNPIs). 
Challenges in determining causality: An ongoing critique of Bendavid et al’s ‘Assessing mandatory stay‐at‐home and business closure effects on the spread of COVID‐19’
The authors' response to initial concerns falls short in a number of key ways, and thus the paper still does not propose a useful assessment of the efficacy of Non‐Pharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs) against COVID‐19.
The effect of the Ontario stay-at-home order on Covid-19 third wave infections including vaccination considerations: An interrupted time series analysis
The Covid-19 global pandemic that began in March 2020 was not fully mitigated through governmental Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs) and continued to infect people and take lives through 2021.
Is the cure really worse than the disease? The health impacts of lockdowns during COVID-19
The evidence regarding whether government interventions are to blame for negative health consequences, or whether the lethality and infectiousness of SARSCoV-2 is as much or more of a driver behind adverse health impacts is examined.
Comment on Bendavid E, Oh Ch, Battacharya J, Ioannidis JPA Assessing mandatory stay‐at‐home and business closure effects on the spread of COVID‐19
  • Hermann Fuchs
  • Economics
    European journal of clinical investigation
  • 2021
In the spring 2020 wave of the Covid-19 pandemic many countries suffered from a fast exponential rise of daily infection numbers, clearly visible in logarithmic scale as steep linear rise. Most
On the effectiveness of COVID-19 restrictions and lockdowns: Pan metron ariston
The dynamics of confirmed case and death growth rates conditional on different levels of severity in implemented NPIs, the mobility of citizens and other non restrictive policies are examined, suggesting that further work should be directed at re-evaluating the effectiveness of NPIs.
A causal inference approach for estimating effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions during Covid-19 pandemic
In response to the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), governments worldwide have introduced multiple restriction policies, known as non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). However,
Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions and COVID-19 Burden in the United States
NPIs employed in the U.S. during the CO VID-19 pandemic, most significantly stay at home orders, were associated with decreased COVID-19 burden and was associated with greater likelihood of decrease in death velocity in unadjusted and adjusted models.
Effect of non-pharmaceutical interventions in the early phase of the COVID-19 epidemic in Saudi Arabia
Reductions in transmission were associated with NPIs implemented shortly after the first reported case including Isolate and Test with School Closure, Curfew, and Lockdown, although uncertainty in the estimates was high, and transmission was found to increase progressively in most regions during the last part of NPI relaxation phases.
COVID-19 Lockdown Policies: An Interdisciplinary Review
Lockdown interventions employed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic have been evaluated via research at biomedical, economic, psychological, and ethical levels of analysis. The aim of this article


Women are most affected by pandemics — lessons from past outbreaks
The social and economic impacts of COVID-19 fall harder on women than on men. Governments need to gather data and target policy to keep all citizens equally safe, sheltered and secure. The social and
Estimating the effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions on COVID-19 in Europe
The results show that major non-pharmaceutical interventions and lockdown in particular have had a large effect on reducing transmission and continued intervention should be considered to keep transmission of SARS-CoV-2 under control.
The effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions in containing epidemics: a rapid review of the literature and quantitative assessment
Evidence from previous epidemic outbreaks is investigated to provide a quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of key NPIs used by countries to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and is designed to help countries enhance their policy response as well as inform transition strategies by identifying which policies should be relaxed and which should not.
The limits of estimating COVID-19 intervention effects using Bayesian models
It is shown that Bayesian modelling efforts that deemed lockdown to account for 81% of the reduction in R0, contributing to government policies are unsupported and that policies should not be based on these studies.
Strict Lower Bound on the COVID-19 Fatality Rate in Overwhelmed Healthcare Systems
Using this estimator for New York City, Lombardy and Madrid yields strong bounds on the average IFR in overwhelmed health systems, and conclusively demonstrates that COVID-19 is more deadly than influenza.
Quantifying the efficiency of non-pharmaceutical interventions against SARS-COV-2 transmission in Europe
This first large-scale estimation of NPI and PHR efficiency against SARS-COV-2 transmission in Europe suggests that a combination of NPIs targeting different population groups should be favored to control future epidemic waves.
Report 19: The Potential Impact of the COVID-19 Epidemic on HIV, TB and Malaria in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
The potential impact of the COVID19 epidemic on three other major health priorities - Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Tuberculosis and malaria COVID-19 (Disease) is provided.
Has Sweden’s controversial covid-19 strategy been successful?
Sweden has stood out in the global pandemic by eschewing lockdown and seemingly aiming for herd immunity, but is now paying a heavy price for this strategy.