Assessing immunological function in toxicological studies of avian wildlife.

  title={Assessing immunological function in toxicological studies of avian wildlife.},
  author={Keith A Grasman},
  journal={Integrative and comparative biology},
  volume={42 1},
Laboratory and field studies have demonstrated that the immune system is sensitive to environmental contaminants. Testing protocols have been developed to screen for immunotoxic effects and elucidate mechanisms of toxicity in laboratory rodents. Similar methods have been applied to wildlife species in captivity and the wild. Several epizootics in wildlife have been associated with elevated exposure to contaminants. This paper discusses immunotoxicological techniques used in studies of avian… CONTINUE READING
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