Assessing a New Dimension of Empathy: Empathic Anger as a Predictor of Helping and Punishing Desires

@article{Vitaglione2003AssessingAN,
  title={Assessing a New Dimension of Empathy: Empathic Anger as a Predictor of Helping and Punishing Desires},
  author={Guy D. Vitaglione and Mark A. Barnett},
  journal={Motivation and Emotion},
  year={2003},
  volume={27},
  pages={301-325}
}
The present research addressed the question of whether empathy can be experienced in terms of anger on behalf of a victimized person (i.e., “empathic anger”). The present research also tested whether empathic anger motivates desires intended to help a victim, or desires intended to punish a transgressor, or both. Four studies were conducted. Studies 1–3 developed and validated a measure of trait empathic anger. Study 4 validated a measure of state empathic anger and tested whether participants… 
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