Assessing Racial Trauma With the Trauma Symptoms of Discrimination Scale

@article{Williams2018AssessingRT,
  title={Assessing Racial Trauma With the Trauma Symptoms of Discrimination Scale},
  author={Monnica T. Williams and Destiny M. B. Printz and Ryan C. T. Delapp},
  journal={Psychology of Violence},
  year={2018},
  volume={8},
  pages={735–747}
}
Objective: Racial discrimination can cause symptoms of trauma, yet few tools for measurement exist. African Americans have higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder and experience more racial discrimination than other groups. This study is a preliminary assessment of the psychometric properties of the Trauma Symptoms of Discrimination Scale (TSDS), a new measure of discriminatory distress measuring anxiety-related trauma symptoms. Method: African American monoracial and biracial… 

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