Assessing Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS)

  title={Assessing Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS)},
  author={Nancy E. Avis and Kevin W. Smith and Sarah McGraw and Roselyn G. Smith and Vida M. Petronis and Charles S Carver},
  journal={Quality of Life Research},
This article describes development of a quality of life measure designed to assess issues relevant to long-term cancer survivors. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 58 long-term cancer survivors to identify domains most relevant to long-term survivors (≥ 5 years post-diagnosis). Self-report items were developed from these interviews and administered to a second sample of 242 long-term survivors. Domains and items were selected from the item pool by a combination of factor… 

Assessing quality of life in long-term cancer survivors: a review of available tools

The characteristics and psychometric properties of QoL assessment tools specifically designed for the condition of long-term cancer survivorship are described and some of the instruments described are promising.

Evaluation of the Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS) scale for early post-treatment breast cancer survivors

Evaluating the Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS) scale, originally developed for long-term (>5 years) cancer survivors, as an appropriate QoL measure for this transition period suggests that the QLACS is a promising comprehensive QOL measure appropriate for breast cancer survivors transitioning off active treatment.

Evaluation of the Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS) scale for long-term cancer survivors in a sample of breast cancer survivors

The QLACS may serve as a useful measure for assessing HRQL among long-term breast cancer survivors that are not otherwise captured by generic measures or those specifically designed for newly diagnosed patients.

Psychosocial Analysis of Cancer Survivors in Rural Australia: Focus on Demographics, Quality of Life and Financial Domains.

BACKGROUND Cancer treatments can have long-term physical, psychological, financial, sexual and cognitive effects that may influence the quality of life. These can vary from urban to rural areas,

Understanding the quality of life (QOL) issues in survivors of cancer: towards the development of an EORTC QOL cancer survivorship questionnaire

Compared to existing cancer survivorship questionnaires, the findings underscore the relevance of assessing issues related to chronic physical side effects of treatment such as neuropathy and joint pain.

Quality of life in cancer survivorship: Sociodemographic and disease-related moderators.

Greater understanding of the QOL experienced by the already large and continuously growing population of cancer survivors is relevant for guiding both clinical practice and health policy.

Head-to-head comparisons of quality of life instruments for young adult survivors of childhood cancer

This study compared the psychometric properties of two survivor-specific instruments, the Quality of Life–Cancer Survivor (QOL-CS) and Quality of life in Adult Cancer Survivor (QLACS).

Missing content from health-related quality of life instruments: interviews with young adult survivors of childhood cancer

The themes derived from qualitative interviews may serve as a foundation for the generation of new items in future HRQoL instruments for YASCC populations, and further testing is required to examine the prevalence, frequency, and breadth of these items in a larger sample.

The long‐term quality of life and information needs of prostate cancer survivors

Comparison with EORTC QLQ-C30 international reference values suggests that this cohort report a high/healthy QoL, however, a significant proportion of men expressed a need for the receipt of further information, especially men on active surveillance.



Long-term female cancer survivors: quality of life issues and clinical implications.

Quality of life in long-term female cancer survivors was measured in four domains, with the lowest levels of quality of life found in the areas of spiritual/philosophical views, diet and exercise habits, and social/emotional support; the highest area ofquality of life was physical, i.e., the absence of somatic concerns.

Preliminary Testing of the Long-Term Quality of Life (LTQL) Instrument for Female Cancer Survivors

Although the LTQL retained all of Ferrell’s four domains of quality of life within one instrument, individual items reconfigured to suggest an overlapping of domains for the long-term female cancer survivor are suggested.

An evaluation of the quality of life among long-term survivors of breast cancer

Evaluated breast cancer survivors experienced long-term changes after completion of treatment which affected overall quality of life, however, many positive benefits were also gained which helped to balance the worse outcomes.

Measurement of the quality of life in cancer survivors

It is demonstrated that the QOL-CS and its subscales adequately measured QOL in this growing population of cancer survivors.

Breast cancer survivors: Psychosocial concerns and quality of life

Breast cancer survivors appear to attain maximum recovery from the physical and psychological trauma of cancer treatment by one year after surgery, and they identify many positive aspects from the cancer experience.

Long-term quality of life after breast cancer: comparison of 8-year survivors with population controls.

In most domains and for women without further disease events after diagnosis, quality of life does not seem to be permanently and globally impaired by breast cancer, and breast cancer survivors who remain free of disease probably do not need organized late psychosocial follow-up to improvequality of life.

The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy scale: development and validation of the general measure.

  • D. CellaD. Tulsky J. Brannon
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • 1993
The FACT-G meets or exceeds all requirements for use in oncology clinical trials, including ease of administration, brevity, reliability, validity, and responsiveness to clinical change.

Life after breast cancer: understanding women's health-related quality of life and sexual functioning.

BCS report more frequent physical and menopausal symptoms than healthy women, yet report HRQL and sexual functioning comparable to that of healthy, age-matched women.

Psychosocial and demographic predictors of quality of life in a large sample of cancer patients

Assessing patients' level of social support may help to identify patients at risk for distress and patients with more support reported less anxiety and depression and better QOL in the mental health domain, independent of demographic and medical variables.

Quality of Life in Breast and Colon Cancer Long-term Survivors: An Assessment with the Eortc Qlq-c30 and Sf-36 Questionnaires

The hypotheses that the impact of cancer on quality of life over a period of time is not necessarily devastating in survivors are supported and are consistent with other research supporting the hypotheses that hormone therapy does not cause a decrease in long-termquality of life.