Assessing Pain Level , Patient Satisfaction , and Frequency of Injury to Adjacent Anatomical Structures During Central Venous Catheter Placement Under Local Anesthesia

Background: Central venous catheters (CVCs) are increasingly used for central vein pressure measurement, fluid replacement, blood-product transfusion, hemodialysis, and chemotherapy. Considering the urgent nature of placing CVCs in many patients, local anesthesia is used in order to facilitate recovery and prevent the side effects of general anesthesia. The… CONTINUE READING