Assessing Macro-Level Predictors and Theories of Crime: A Meta-Analysis

  title={Assessing Macro-Level Predictors and Theories of Crime: A Meta-Analysis},
  author={Travis C. Pratt and Francis T Cullen},
  journal={Crime and Justice},
  pages={373 - 450}
The macro-level approach reemerged as a salient criminological paradigm in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Prompted by new theories and reformulations of existing ones, over 200 empirical studies explored ecological correlates of crime. Few efforts have been made, however, to "make sense" of this literature. A "meta-analysis" was undertaken to determine the relative effects of macro-level predictors of crime. Indicators of "concentrated disadvantage" (e.g., racial heterogeneity, poverty, and… 

Institutional Anomie Theory: A Macro-sociological Explanation of Crime

Criminologists have formulated a wide range of explanations for the causes of crime, as reflected in several chapters of this volume. One useful means for classifying these explanations is according

What Mediates the Macro-Level Effects of Economic and Social Stress on Crime?

Abstract Social disorganisation theorists maintain that structural variables, such as poverty, ethnic heterogeneity and geographic mobility, exert their effects on crime by reducing the level of

Social Disorganization, Institutional Anomie and the Geographic Patterning of Instrumental Crime: Progress Towards an Integrated Theory

of a thesis at the University of Miami. Thesis supervised by Associate Professor Amie Nielsen. No. of pages in text. (158) In comparison to other industrialized, capitalist societies, the United

Beyond crime quantites: a multilevel analysis of the relative prevalence of interracial violence

Prior research examining between community variations in violent crime has largely been guided by the social disorganization perspective and the systemic model of community attachment. This

Towards the Development of an Integrated Theory of Macro-Level Crime: A Multilevel and Geospatial Analysis of Anomic Disorganization Theory

of a dissertation at the University of Miami. Dissertation supervised by Associate Professor Amie L. Nielsen. No. of pages in text. (189) In recent years, the United States has experienced increasing

Social Structure, Anomie, and National Levels of Homicide

Results provide a high degree of support for Merton’s assertion that societal types characterized by relatively high levels of materialism and/or demoralization or deinstitutionalization suffer from higher levels of homicide, but there is less support for his assertion that inequality interacts with various societal patterns of means/ends integration in a meaningful way.

Cross-National Predictors of Crime: A Meta-Analysis

Cross-national research has increased in the past few decades, resulting in a large body of empirical research. In particular, cross-national studies are often limited in data sources, which restrict

The Age Structure-Crime Rate Relationship: Solving a Long-Standing Puzzle

ObjectivesDevelop the concept of differential institutional engagement and test its ability to explain discrepant findings regarding the relationship between the age structure and homicide rates

The Complexity of Hate Crime and Bias Activity: Variation across Contexts and Types of Bias

Are racially-motivated hate crimes, non-criminal bias incidents, and general forms of crime associated with the same structural factors? If so, then social disorganization, a powerful structural

Institutions, Anomie, and Violent Crime: Clarifying and Elaborating Institutional-Anomie Theory

A limited but accumulating body of research and theoretical commentary offers support for core claims of the “institutional-anomie theory” of crime (IAT) and points to areas needing further



Deterrent Effects of the Police on Crime: A Replication and Theoretical Extension

This study replicates and then extends Wilson and Boland's (1978) theory of the deterrent effect of policing on crime rates in American cities by linking it to recent thinking on control of urban

Community Structure and Crime: Testing Social-Disorganization Theory

Shaw and McKay's influential theory of community social disorganization has never been directly tested. To address this, a community-level theory that builds on Shaw and McKay's original model is


To determine the empirical status of Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) “general theory of crime,” we conducted a meta-analysis on existing empirical studies. The results indicate that, regardless of

Poverty, Income Inequality, and Violent Crime: A Meta-Analysis of Recent Aggregate Data Studies

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, several important reviews of the literature failed to establish a clear consensus on the relationship between economic conditions and violent crime. The research

Political Restraint of the Market and Levels of Criminal Homicide: A Cross-National Application of Institutional-Anomie Theory

This article examines the effects on national homicide rates of political efforts to insulate personal well-being from market forces. Drawing upon recent work by EspingAndersen and the

Conflict Theory, Economic Conditions, and Homicide

Conflict theorists often specify an inverse relationship between economic conditions and crime. Empirical support for this contention in time-series analyses, however, has been inconsistently

Labor Stratification and Violent Crime

T7his paper uses dual labor market theory to examine the relationships between the structure of labor in census tracts, economic indicators, and violent crime. It tests the thesis that relationships

Forcible rape, poverty, and economic inequality in U.S. metropolitan communities

In this paper we review and extend a recent analysis of the structural determinants of forcible rape by Smith and Bennett (1985) that builds upon the theoretical works of Blau and Blau (1982) and