Assessing 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT)-contaminated soil using three different earthworm test methods.

Abstract

Within the scope of a phytoremediation project, the toxicity of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) contaminated soil (and its toxic metabolites) on earthworms was assessed. In addition to the standard acute and reproduction tests (ISO 11268), an avoidance response test was applied. The test methods covered all important ecological relevant endpoints (acute… (More)

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