Assaults, murders and walkers: The impact of violent crime on physical activity.

@article{Janke2016AssaultsMA,
  title={Assaults, murders and walkers: The impact of violent crime on physical activity.},
  author={Katharina Janke and Carol Propper and Michael A. Shields},
  journal={Journal of health economics},
  year={2016},
  volume={47},
  pages={34-49}
}
We investigate an underexplored externality of crime: the impact of violent crime on individuals' participation in walking. For many adults walking is the only regular physical activity. We use a sample of nearly 1 million people in 323 small areas in England between 2005 and 2011 matched to quarterly crime data at the small area level. Within area variation identifies the causal effect of local violent crime on walking and a difference-in-difference analysis of two high-profile crimes… CONTINUE READING
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