Asperger syndrome and high functioning autism: research concerns and emerging foci

  title={Asperger syndrome and high functioning autism: research concerns and emerging foci},
  author={Jan Blacher and Bonnie R Kraemer and Monica Schalow},
  journal={Current Opinion in Psychiatry},
Purpose of review This review focuses on papers that pertain to recent work on Asperger syndrome or high functioning autism. We noted areas in which there was a preponderance of research published over the last year, including: social communication, sensory characteristics, eye gaze, neurocognitive aspects, comorbidity, and treatment and intervention studies. Recent findings Children, adolescents, and even adults with Asperger syndrome/high functioning autism appear to be deficient in social… Expand
Second generation antipsychotics in Asperger's Disorder and high functioning autism: a systematic review of the literature and effectiveness of meta-analysis.
There is a lack of robustly conducted trials on the use of SGAs in the management of AD and HFA, so clinicians are cautioned to approach pharmacological treatment prudently balancing benefit with potential cardiometabolic risk. Expand
Theory of mind, severity of autistic symptoms and parental correlates in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome
The theory of mind ability of Asperger's syndrome/high-functioning autism children and their parents and the severity of the autistic symptoms are addressed and a possible genetic contribution of mothers to ToM deficit in AS/HFA children is suggested. Expand
An event-related source localization study of response monitoring and social impairments in autism spectrum disorder.
It is suggested that reduced ACC activity may reflect a putative brain mechanism involved in the origins and maintenance of social impairments and raise the possibility of the presence of stable brain-behavior relation impairment across development in some individuals with ASD. Expand
Offending in individuals with autistic spectrum disorder : a study of risk and need
Offending in people with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) though rare requires specialist knowledge of the risk factors involved, to adapt interventions effectively. A review of the somewhat sparseExpand
Growing older with autism: A qualitative study
Aim: Originally conceptualised as a disorder of infancy or early childhood and with relatively recent recognition of the lifelong nature of autism, research on getting older with the disorder is veryExpand
Efficacy of group social skills interventions for youth with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
The current meta-analysis of randomized control trials (RCTs) was conducted to ascertain overall effectiveness of GSSIs and differences by reporting sources and revealed the effect was wholly attributable to youth reporting that they learned about skilled social behaviors, but not that they enacted them. Expand
Cognitive empathy moderates the relationship between affective empathy and wellbeing in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
Abstract Background: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) reportedly have reduced cognitive empathy (CE), yet intact levels of affective empathy (AE) when compared to typically developingExpand
Empathy in Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Irene E Harmsen
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2019
The clinical characteristics and mechanisms underlying empathy in ASD are highlighted by summarizing 61 peer-reviewed articles by providing valuable insights into the roles that genetics, neural networks, and sensory processing have in eliciting empathy. Expand
FOCUS ON PRACTICE: Naturalistic intervention for Asperger syndrome – a case study
On the basis of their cognitive abilities, children with Asperger syndrome are attractive candidates for inclusive education and, in Australia, most are in integrated settings. However, socialExpand
The Efficacy of a Social Skills Group Intervention for Improving Social Behaviors in Children with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders
Examination of the direction and magnitude of change in functioning revealed that children who participated in S.S.GRIN-HFA exhibited significantly greater mastery of social skill concepts compared to children in the control group. Expand


A Clinical and Neurobehavioural Review of High-Functioning Autism and Asperger's Disorder
Neurobehavioural studies, in particular, executive functioning, lateralization, visual-perceptual and motor processing, have provided an important source of information about the potential neurobiological dissociation that may exist between autism and Asperger's disorder. Expand
Comorbidity of Asperger syndrome: a preliminary report.
Patients with AS diagnosed according to the ICD-10/DSM-IV criteria presented with symptoms of an additional psychiatric disorder at the time of evaluation or during the 2-year follow-up, while depression was the most common diagnosis in adolescents and adults. Expand
Asperger's disorder and higher functioning autism: Same or different?
Publisher Summary This chapter describes the Asperger's disorder and higher functioning. Asperger's disorder or, as it is more commonly known, Asperger's syndrome (AS), is a chronic developmentalExpand
High-functioning autism and schizophrenia: a comparison of an early and late onset neurodevelopmental disorder.
It was concluded that individuals with high-functioning autism have a cognitive profile that resembles that of an empirically derived subgroup of schizophrenia patients but that does not resemble profiles found in other schizophrenia subgroups. Expand
Asperger Syndrome and Nonverbal Learning Disabilities
The year after Leo Kanner’s report (1943) of the syndrome of early infantile autism, Hans Asperger, a Viennese physician, reported on a series of cases in which a major disability also involvedExpand
Autism spectrum disorders and low body weight: is there really a systematic association?
Although low body weight is often present in male subjects with autism or Asperger syndrome, results indicate that this link is inconsistent and partly mediated by hyperactivity. Expand
Cognitive profiles and social-communicative functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder.
Indications of a dissociation between verbal and visual-perceptual skills among the older children, and the specific association of discrepantly high nonverbal skills with increased social symptoms suggest that the nonverbal > verbal profile may index an etiologically significant subtype of autism. Expand
Asperger Syndrome or Autistic Disorder?
The diagnosis of Asperger syndrome (AS) has been plagued with controversy and confusion since it was introduced into the psychiatric nomenclature, in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of MentalExpand
Brain anatomy and sensorimotor gating in Asperger's syndrome.
It is hypothesized that Asperger's syndrome is associated with abnormalities in fronto-striatal pathways resulting in defective sensorimotor gating, and consequently characteristic difficulties inhibiting repetitive thoughts, speech and actions. Expand
Head circumference in autism, Asperger syndrome, and ADHD: a comparative study.
This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that children with autistic spectrum disorders often have macrocephalus, and that those without comorbid learning disability are most frequentlyExpand